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The transcription factor osterix (Osx/Sp7) is required for osteogenic differentiation and bone formation in vivo. While Osx can act at canonical Sp1 DNA-binding sites and/or interact with NFATc1 to cooperatively regulate transcription in some osteoblast promoters, little is known about the molecular details by which Osx regulates osteocalcin (OCN)(More)
BACKGROUND Higher concentrations of fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) have been shown to be associated with lower risk for surgical site infection in multiple studies outside the domain of orthopedic surgery. We evaluated the efficacy of high FIO2 administered during the perioperative period to reduce the rate of surgical site infection after open fixation(More)
Despite an increased understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC) during the past two decades, reliable and robust biomarkers to enable screening, surveillance, and primary prevention of this disease are lacking. CRC diagnosis and therapy remain dependent upon descriptive classification and staging systems, based primarily on(More)
Patellofemoral arthroplasty has been utilized as a treatment for isolated patellofemoral arthritis for more than 30 years. However, the use of this procedure remains controversial, as many surgeons prefer to use total knee arthroplasty, even for isolated patellofemoral arthritis. While historically, the results with this procedure have been inconsistent,(More)
Long-term administration of methotrexate (MTX) for management of chronic inflammatory diseases is associated with risk of liver damage. In this study, we examined the transcriptional profiles of livers from patients treated with MTX. The possibility that expression signatures correlate with grade of fibrosis or underlying rheumatic disease was evaluated.(More)
The inherent heterogeneity of bone cells complicates the interpretation of microarray studies designed to identify genes highly associated with osteoblast differentiation. To overcome this problem, we have utilized Col1a1 promoter-green fluorescent protein transgenic mouse lines to isolate bone cells at distinct stages of osteoprogenitor maturation.(More)
Automated lead optimization helper application (ALOHA) is a novel fitness scoring approach for small molecule lead optimization. ALOHA employs a series of generalized Bayesian models trained from public and proprietary pharmacokinetic, absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion, and toxicology data to determine regions of chemical space that are(More)
To determine whether cancer risk is related to histopathological features of preneoplastic aberrant crypt foci (ACF), gene expression analysis was performed on ACF from two mouse strains with differing tumor sensitivity to the colonotropic carcinogen, azoxymethane. ACF from sensitive A/J mice were considered at high risk, whereas ACF from resistant AKR/J(More)
Augmentation materials for rotator cuff tears, such as small intestine submucosa (SIS), have been used with the goal of improving outcome. Knowledge is limited on the use of SIS in animal models of acute and chronic rotator cuff tears. We hypothesized that the use of SIS in the surgical management of full thickness supraspinatus tears would improve(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the molecular phenotype that occurs during the profound morphological shift of cultured osteogenic cells upon treatment with fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2). A time course of treatment with FGF2 was performed on an osteoblast cell line, primary bone marrow stromal cells and an osteocyte-like cell line.(More)