Rishi Delan Pathirana

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BACKGROUND Vaccination is the best measure to protect the population against a potential influenza H5N1 pandemic, but 2 doses of vaccine are needed to elicit protective immune responses. An immunological marker for H5N1 vaccine effectiveness is needed for early identification of the best vaccine candidate. METHODS We conducted a phase I clinical trial of(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a clinical trial in October 2009 to evaluate the immunogenicity of the AS03-adjuvanted influenza vaccine (pH1N1 vaccine) in health care workers (HCWs). By 2 weeks after vaccination, 97% had protective hemagglutinin inhibition (HI) titers (≥ 40) however, 16% were low responders (LR) and failed to maintain a protective response 90 days(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses constitute a pandemic threat and the development of effective vaccines is a global priority. Sixty adults were recruited into a randomized clinical trial and were intramuscularly immunized with two virosomal vaccine H5N1 (NIBRG-14) doses (21 days apart) of 30 μg HA alone or 1.5, 7.5 or(More)
BACKGROUND Highly pathogenic avian influenza A/H5N1 virus remains a potential pandemic threat, and it is essential to continue vaccine development against this subtype. A local mucosal immune response in the upper respiratory tract may stop influenza transmission. It is therefore important to develop effective intranasal pandemic influenza vaccines that(More)
BACKGROUND Development of influenza vaccines that induce mucosal immunity has been highlighted by the World Health Organisation as a priority (Vaccine 2005;23:1529). Dose-sparing strategies and an efficient mass-vaccination regime will be paramount to reduce the morbidity and mortality of a future H5N1 pandemic. OBJECTIVES This study has investigated the(More)
Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 infection remains a public health threat and vaccination is the best measure of limiting the impact of a potential pandemic. Mucosal vaccines have the advantage of eliciting immune responses at the site of viral entry, thereby preventing infection as well as further viral transmission. In this study, we assessed the(More)
BACKGROUND The live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is the preferred vaccine for children, but the mechanisms behind protective immune responses are unclear, and the duration of immunity remains to be elucidated. This study reports on the longevity of B-cell and T-cell responses elicited by the LAIV. METHODS Thirty-eight children (3-17 years old) were(More)
Outer membrane vesicles were first described approximately 50 years ago and for many years were considered to be an artifact of bacterial growth. Since that initial discovery, it has become evident that outer membrane vesicles are produced by almost all Gram-negative bacteria as part of their normal growth in addition to driving pathogenesis within the(More)
BACKGROUND Influenza H5N1 virus constitutes a pandemic threat and development of effective H5N1 vaccines is a global priority. Anti-influenza antibodies directed towards the haemagglutinin (HA) define a correlate of protection. Both antibody concentration and avidity may be important for virus neutralization and resolving influenza disease. METHODS We(More)
Healthcare workers (HCW) were prioritized for vaccination during the 2009 influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic. We conducted a clinical trial in October 2009 where 237 HCWs were immunized with a AS03-adjuvanted A(H1N1)pdm09 monovalent vaccine. In the current study, we analyzed the homologous and cross-reactive H1N1 humoral responses using prototype vaccine(More)