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It is difficult to interact with computer displays that are across the room. A popular approach is to use laser pointers tracked by a camera, but interaction techniques using laser pointers tend to be imprecise, error-prone, and slow. Although many previous papers discuss laser pointer interaction techniques, none seem to have performed user studies to help(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury in newborn infants represents a major cause of cerebral palsy, development delay, and epilepsy. Stem cell-based therapy has the potential to rescue and replace the ischemic tissue caused by HI and to restore function. However, the mechanisms by which stem cell transplants induce functional recovery(More)
Currently there are no effective treatments targeting residual anatomical and behavioral deficits resulting from stroke. Evidence suggests that cell transplantation therapy may enhance functional recovery after stroke through multiple mechanisms. We used a syngeneic model of neural transplantation to explore graft-host communications that enhance cellular(More)
STUDY DESIGN An anatomic study conducted on cadaveric specimens. OBJECTIVES The objectives of the study were (1) to determine course of S2 lumbopelvic screws with reference to the articular cartilage of the sacroiliac joint, (2) to determine the length and trajectory of screws placed using anatomic placement techniques, and (3) to determine vital(More)
BACKGROUND Halo traction is a well-recognized adjunct for correcting severe complex rigid scoliotic curves, but it is associated with complications and is contraindicated in the presence of fixed cervical instability, kyphosis, or stenosis. In addition, halo traction often requires prolonged hospital stays and is not welcomed by all families. These(More)
Digital video is becoming increasingly ubiquitous. However, editing video remains difficult for several reasons. It is a time-based medium, it has dual tracks of audio and video, and current tools force users to work at the smallest level of detail. In this paper, we describe several visualization and interaction techniques that use video metadata,(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Several methods have been used to stabilize the atlantoaxial joint, including the use of C2 pedicle and laminar screws. No report has used computed tomography (CT) angiograms to compare the risk to the vertebral artery or assess the suitability for each fixation technique. PURPOSE To compare the suitability of C2 pedicle versus laminar(More)
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), a structural lateral curvature of the spine of uncertain etiology, is the most common cause of spinal deformity in adolescents. In its most severe form, AIS is characterized by progressive spinal curvature that may lead to a permanent deformity. Thus, the goal of treatment is early detection and prevention of(More)
Digital video is becoming increasingly ubiquitous. However, editing video remains difficult for several reasons: it is a time-based medium, it has dual tracks of audio and video, and current tools force users to work at the smallest level of detail. Based on interviews with professional video editors, we developed a video editor, called Silver, that uses(More)