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Anatomy and physiology of the eye makes it a highly protected organ. Designing an effective therapy for ocular diseases, especially for the posterior segment, has been considered as a formidable task. Limitations of topical and intravitreal route of administration have challenged scientists to find alternative mode of administration like periocular routes.(More)
The primary objective of this study was to investigate the expression of a specialized carrier-mediated system for folic acid and to delineate its uptake mechanism and intracellular trafficking in a human derived retinoblastoma cell line (Y-79). Uptake of [3H]Folic acid was determined at various concentrations, pH, temperatures, in the absence of sodium and(More)
The objective of this study was to synthesize and evaluate novel enzymatically stable dipeptide prodrugs for improved absorption of acyclovir. l-Valine-l-valine-acyclovir (LLACV), l-valine-d-valine-acyclovir (LDACV), d-valine-l-valine-acyclovir (DLACV) and d-valine-d-valine-acyclovir (DDACV) were successfully synthesized. The uptake and transport studies(More)
The objective of this study was to develop and characterize a nanoparticulate-based sustained release formulation of a water soluble dipeptide prodrug of dexamethasone, valine-valine-dexamethasone (VVD). Being hydrophilic in nature, it readily leaches out in the external aqueous medium and hence partitions poorly into the polymeric matrix resulting in(More)
Ocular drug delivery has been a major challenge to pharmacologists and drug delivery scientists due to its unique anatomy and physiology. Static barriers (different layers of cornea, sclera, and retina including blood aqueous and blood-retinal barriers), dynamic barriers (choroidal and conjunctival blood flow, lymphatic clearance, and tear dilution), and(More)
The objective of the present study is to formulate and characterize a nanoparticulate-based formulation of a macromolecule in a hydrophobic ion pairing (HIP) complex form. So far, HIP complexation approach has been studied only for proteins with molecular weight of 10-20 kDa. Hence, we have selected bovine serum albumin (BSA) having higher molecular weight(More)
Ocular drug therapy has always been considered as a major challenge in the field of drug delivery. The presence of blood ocular barriers and efflux pumps has imposed a great concern as well. Various vision threatening disorders require a long term therapy of drug molecules, especially for the diseases that affect the posterior segment. Pharmaceutical(More)
The objective of this work was to study the disposition kinetics of valine-valine-acyclovir (VVACV), a dipeptide ester prodrug of acyclovir following intravenous and oral administrations in rat. A validated LC-MS/MS analytical method was developed for the analysis VVACV, Valine-Acyclovir (VACV), and Acyclovir (ACV) using a linear Ion Trap Quadrupole. ACV(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate the plasma pharmacokinetics and determine the corneal uptake of valine based stereoisomeric dipeptide prodrugs of acyclovir (ACV) in rats. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the study. Pharmacokinetics of ACV, L-valine-acyclovir (LACV), L-valine-D-valine-acyclovir (LDACV) and D-valine-L-valine acyclovir (DLACV) prodrugs(More)
IgG-Fab fragment, a model antibody protein was hydrophobically modified by a novel approach of ion-pairing complexation. Three different sulphated ion-pairing agents were utilised including sodium dodecyl sulphate, taurocholic acid and dextran sulphate (DS). The formations of hydrophobic ion-pairing (HIP) complexes were dependant on pH and molar ratio of(More)