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Multimedia applications are expected to guarantee end-to-end quality of service (QoS) and are characterized by stringent constraints on delay, delay-jitter, bandwidth, cost, and so forth. The authors observe that Kruskal's algorithm is limited to minimal (maximal) spanning unconstrained tree. As such, the authors extend Kruskal's algorithm to incorporate(More)
Several large-scale distributed applications exploiting multicast communication require reliable delivery of data to all participants. In addition, scalability, throughput stability, efficient loss recovery and buffer management are essential communication properties in large-scale settings. In this paper, we first analyze, the instability factors and their(More)
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