Rintaro Nishimura

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BACKGROUND The surgical indication for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has been modified due to recognition of peripheral type CTEPH and changes in surgical methods and skill. Bosentan and sildenafil are used as modern oral therapy (mod Tx) in patients with inoperable CTEPH, although it remains unknown whether they have positive(More)
Exposure to hypoxia induces changes in the structure and functional phenotypes of the cells composing the pulmonary vascular wall from larger to most peripheral vessels. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) may be involved in vascular endothelial repair. Resident EPCs with a high proliferative potential are found in the pulmonary microcirculation. However,(More)
OBJECTIVE The C825T polymorphism in the G protein β3 subunit gene (GNB3) influences the efficacy of sildenafil in patients with erectile dysfunction. The effects of this polymorphism on the therapeutic response to sildenafil in patients with pulmonary hypertension remains unknown. To investigate whether the GNB3C825T polymorphism is associated with the(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether abnormalities of coagulation or fibrinolysis are associated with disease progression of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). The aim of this study was to investigate the association of these factors with the severity and prognosis of CTEPH. METHODS AND RESULTS Between 1986 and 2011, plasma fibrinogen and(More)
Vascular disruption is one of the pathological hallmarks in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Bone marrow (BM)-derived circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and lung tissue-resident EPCs have been considered to play a pivotal role in pulmonary vascular repair; however, which population is predominant in local pulmonary vasculogenesis remains to(More)
BACKGROUND The COPD assessment test (CAT) score is a key component of the multifactorial assessment of COPD in the Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines of 2014. Nevertheless, little is known regarding the differences among COPD categories in terms of clinical parameters such as pulmonary function or radiological findings.(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has been considered to be caused by single or recurrent pulmonary embolism (PE) arising from deep vein thrombosis (DVT). In Japan, female predominance and association of HLA-B*5201 with CTEPH unrelated to DVT were reported. In acute PE residual proximal DVT is associated with larger(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is characterized by occlusion of pulmonary arteries by organized chronic thrombi. Persistent hypoxemia and residual pulmonary hypertension (PH) following successful pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) are clinically important problems; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We have(More)
BACKGROUND The postoperative changes in the coagulation-fibrinolysis system and the association between the system and postoperative course of patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) who have undergone pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) remain unclear. METHODSANDRESULTS Between 1986 and 2013, 117 patients (55.1±11.2 years,(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the predictors of quality of life (QOL) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), changes in QOL after surgical and medical treatments, and the relationship between baseline QOL and survival. METHODSANDRESULTS QOL was measured in 128 patients with CTEPH (male/female: 42/86, age:(More)