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The reversible histone acetylation and deacetylation are epigenetic phenomena that play critical roles in the modulation of chromatin topology and the regulation of gene expression. Aberrant transcription due to altered expression or mutation of genes that encode histone acetyltransferase (HAT) or histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes or their binding(More)
OBJECTIVES Methacrylic monomers are released, from dental composite resins, either into the oral cavity or in pulpal tissues, where they can cause local or systemic adverse effects. The mechanisms of these effects are not well understood, probably because such molecules can act at different levels also inducing a depletion of intracellular glutathione(More)
In a search for potent inhibitors of class III histone/protein deacetylases (sirtuins), a series of sirtinol analogues have been synthesized and the degree of inhibition was assessed in vitro using recombinant yeast Sir2, human SIRT1, and human SIRT2 and in vivo with a yeast phenotypic assay. Two analogues, namely, 3- and(More)
Hsp90 continues to be an important target for pharmaceutical discovery. In this project, virtual screening (VS) for novel Hsp90 inhibitors was performed using a combination of Autodock and Surflex-Sim (LB) scoring functions with the predictive ability of 3-D QSAR models, previously generated with the 3-D QSAutogrid/R procedure. Extensive validation of both(More)
Dihydro-alkoxy-benzyl-oxopyrimidines (DABOs) are a family of potent NNRTIs developed in the past decade. Attempts to improve their potency and selectivity led to thio-DABOs (S-DABOs), DATNOs, and difluoro-thio-DABOs (F(2)-S-DABOs). More recently, we reported the synthesis and molecular modeling studies of a novel conformationally constrained subtype of the(More)
The phosphotryptophan derivative l-Pro-l-Leu-l-(P)Trp(OH)(2) (2b) was reported as the first example of left-hand-sideLeft-hand-side inhibitors: inhibitors that bind in the unprime region of the enzyme active site, in reference to the convention of drawing the unprimed residues of a peptide substrate on the left side. [R.P. Beckett et al., Drug Discov. Today(More)
A series of 56 azole antifungal agents belonging to chemically diverse families related to bifonazole, one of the antimycotic drugs of clinical use, were investigated using the comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) paradigm. The studied compounds, which have been already synthesized and reported to be active in vitro against Candida albicans, were(More)
The binding mode of 3-(4-aroyl-1H-2-pyrrolyl)-N-hydroxy-2-propenamides 1a-c, belonging to a recently reported class of synthetic histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors (Massa, S.; et al. J. Med. Chem. 2001, 44, 2069-2072), into the new modeled HDAC1 catalytic core is presented, and enzyme/inhibitor interactions are discussed. HDAC1 X-ray coordinates were(More)
A number of 2,6-bisbenzylidenecyclohexane-1-one derivatives have been synthesized and tested as HIV-1 integrase (IN) inhibitors with the aim of obtaining compounds capable to elicit antiviral activity at non-cytotoxic concentrations in cell-based assays. 3,5-Bis(3,4,5-trihydroxybenzylidene)-4-oxocyclohexaneacetic acid (20d) resulted one of the most potent(More)
The viral NS5B RNA-dependent RNA-polymerase (RdRp) is one of the best-studied and promising targets for the development of novel therapeutics against hepatitis C virus (HCV). Allosteric inhibition of this enzyme has emerged as a viable strategy toward blocking replication of viral RNA in cell based systems. Herein, we describe how the combination of a(More)