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The reversible histone acetylation and deacetylation are epigenetic phenomena that play critical roles in the modulation of chromatin topology and the regulation of gene expression. Aberrant transcription due to altered expression or mutation of genes that encode histone acetyltransferase (HAT) or histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes or their binding(More)
The phosphotryptophan derivative l-Pro-l-Leu-l-(P)Trp(OH)(2) (2b) was reported as the first example of left-hand-sideLeft-hand-side inhibitors: inhibitors that bind in the unprime region of the enzyme active site, in reference to the convention of drawing the unprimed residues of a peptide substrate on the left side. [R.P. Beckett et al., Drug Discov. Today(More)
Nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) have, in addition to the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and protease inhibitors (PIs), a definitive role in the treatment of HIV-1 infections. Since the appearance of HEPT and TIBO, more than 30 structurally different classes of compounds have been reported as NNRTIs, which are(More)
Hsp90 continues to be an important target for pharmaceutical discovery. In this project, virtual screening (VS) for novel Hsp90 inhibitors was performed using a combination of Autodock and Surflex-Sim (LB) scoring functions with the predictive ability of 3-D QSAR models, previously generated with the 3-D QSAutogrid/R procedure. Extensive validation of both(More)
Human PP11 (placental protein 11) was previously described as a serine protease specifically expressed in the syncytiotrophoblast and in numerous tumor tissues. Several PP11-like proteins were annotated in distantly related organisms, such as worms and mammals, suggesting their involvement in evolutionarily conserved processes. Based on sequence similarity,(More)
OBJECTIVES Methacrylic monomers are released, from dental composite resins, either into the oral cavity or in pulpal tissues, where they can cause local or systemic adverse effects. The mechanisms of these effects are not well understood, probably because such molecules can act at different levels also inducing a depletion of intracellular glutathione(More)
The screening of the inhibition capabilities of dye-like small molecules from a focused library against both human PRMT1 and Aspergillus nidulans RmtA is reported as well as molecular modeling studies (homology modeling, molecular docking, and 3-D QSAR) of the catalytic domain of the PRMT1 fungal homologue RmtA. The good correlation between computational(More)
Indolyl aryl sulfone (IAS) nonnucleoside inhibitors have been shown to potently inhibit the growth of wild-type and drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), but their exact mechanism of action has not been elucidated yet. Here, we describe the mechanism of inhibition of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) by selected IAS derivatives. Our(More)
An enhanced version of comparative binding energy (COMBINE) analysis, named COMBINEr, based on both ligand-based and structure-based alignments has been used to build several 3-D QSAR models for the eleven human zinc-based histone deacetylases (HDACs). When faced with an abundance of data from diverse structure-activity sources, choosing the best paradigm(More)
A novel series of compounds containing a uracil moiety as the connection unit between a phenyl/phenylalkyl portion and a N-hydroxy-polymethylenealkanamide or -methylenecinnamylamide group (uracil-based hydroxamic acids, UBHAs) was tested against maize histone deacetylases (HDACs) and mouse HDAC1. Compounds with a phenyl/benzyl ring at the uracil-C6 position(More)