Rino Ragno

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The viral NS5B RNA-dependent RNA-polymerase (RdRp) is one of the best-studied and promising targets for the development of novel therapeutics against hepatitis C virus (HCV). Allosteric inhibition of this enzyme has emerged as a viable strategy toward blocking replication of viral RNA in cell based systems. Herein, we describe how the combination of a(More)
BACKGROUND Vaginal candidiasis is a frequent and common distressing disease affecting up to 75% of the women of fertile age; most of these women have recurrent episodes. Essential oils from aromatic plants have been shown to have antimicrobial and antifungal activities. This study was aimed at assessing the anti-fungal activity of essential oil from Mentha(More)
An enhanced version of comparative binding energy (COMBINE) analysis, named COMBINEr, based on both ligand-based and structure-based alignments has been used to build several 3-D QSAR models for the eleven human zinc-based histone deacetylases (HDACs). When faced with an abundance of data from diverse structure-activity sources, choosing the best paradigm(More)
A number of known antifungal pyrrole derivatives and some newly synthesized compounds (5-33) were tested in vitro against Mycobacterium tuberculosis CIP 103471. The majority of tested compounds were efficient antimycobacterial agents showing MIC values ranging from 0.5 to 32 microg/mL. A 3-D-QSAR study has been performed on these pyrrole derivatives to(More)
The multichaperone heat shock protein (Hsp) 90 complex mediates the maturation and stability of a variety of oncogenic signaling proteins. For this reason, Hsp90 has emerged as a promising target for anticancer drug development. Herein, we describe a complete computational procedure for building several 3-D QSAR models used as a ligand-based (LB) component(More)
Candidosis is the most important cause of fungal infections in humans. The yeast Candida albicans can form biofilms, and it is known that microbial biofilms play an important role in human diseases and are very difficult to treat. The prolonged treatment with drugs has often resulted in failure and resistance. Due to the emergence of multidrug resistance,(More)
Since it first appeared in 1988 3-D QSAR has proved its potential in the field of drug design and activity prediction. Although thousands of citations now exist in 3-D QSAR, its development was rather slow with the majority of new 3-D QSAR applications just extensions of CoMFA. An alternative way to build 3-D QSAR models, based on an evolution of software,(More)
An enhanced version of COMBINE that uses both ligand-based and structure-based alignment of ligands has been used to build a comprehensive 3-D QSAR model of wild-type HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and drug-resistant mutants. The COMBINEr model focused on 7 different RT enzymes complexed with just two HIV-RT inhibitors, niverapine (NVP) and efavirenz (EFV);(More)
A comprehensive study on essential oils (EOs) extracted from some Mentha suaveolens L. samples, collected in the countryside of Tarquinia, is reported. In this study, the procedure for essential oil preparation, in terms of harvesting and extraction time, was analyzed in detail for the first time. The GC/MS analysis, carried out on 18 samples, revealed that(More)
A series of N-aryl heteroarylisopropanolamines in which an indole or a 3-arylpyrrole moiety was linked to an aryl group through an isopropanolamine linker, were designed and synthesized as potential anti-HIV-1-PR agents. Series was tested for their ability in blocking PR activity. As a rule, indole derivatives of class 1 exhibited more potency than pyrrole(More)