Learn More
Dengue type 2 virus (DV)-induced suppressor cytokine (SF) binds to macrophages to transmit the suppressor signal to recruit the second subpopulation of suppressor T cells. The present study was undertaken to identify and purify the receptor for SF (SF-R) on macrophages. The binding of 125I-SF to macrophages was saturable and reversible. Scatchard analysis(More)
Dengue type 2 virus (DV)-induced suppressor cytokine (SF) is composed of two polypeptide chains (alpha and beta) and has a receptor on macrophages (M phi), which has been purified. The present study was undertaken to study the binding of the two polypeptide chains of SF to M phi and its purified receptor (SF-R) protein. It was observed that both alpha and(More)
Oral administration of protein can induce antigen-specific immune hyporesponsiveness. However, the utility of oral tolerance to autoantigens in the treatment of autoimmune diseases may be limited when candidate autoantigens cannot be produced by conventional systems in quantities sufficient for clinical studies. Plants may be ideally suited for this(More)
We have established a novel CD4 and CD8 double-positive CD25+ T regulatory (Treg) clone, MT-5B, from lymph nodes of type 1 diabetes prone non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice immunized with CFA. CFA has previously been shown to prevent the onset of diabetes by inducing Treg cells. In vitro, clone MT-5B was anergic to a panel of antigen stimulations and exerted an(More)
NOD mice have a relative deficiency of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells that could result in an inability to maintain peripheral tolerance. The aim of this study was to induce the generation of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells in response to autoantigens to prevent type 1 diabetes (T1D). We found that immunization of NOD mice with insulin B-chain peptide B:9-23(More)
Islet-specific glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit-related protein (IGRP) has been identified as a novel CD8(+) T cell-specific autoantigen in NOD mice. This study was undertaken to identify MHC class II-specific CD4(+) T cell epitopes of IGRP. Peptides named P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, P6, and P7 were synthesized by aligning the IGRP protein amino acid(More)
Fat and fatty acid intakes of 25 healthy adult urban males from Ghaziabad, U.P.; Goa and Kolkata, W.Bengal, respectively were studied. Fat intakes were estimated using dietary records, food frequency questionnaires and chemical analysis of the diets consumed. Fatty acid intakes were estimated by gas chromatography. Total fat intakes ranged from 26.9 g/day(More)
Substance P (SP), an 11 amino acid peptide, is released by C and A delta sensory nerve fibers during tissue insult and inflammation. We investigated the effect of SP on the expression and avidity of adhesion molecules, on lymphocytes and endothelial cells, which are central to the inflammatory cascade. Using in vitro adhesion assays we found that(More)
Normacusine B, a tertiary indole alkaloid, was isolated in pure form from the root bark of Strychnos atlantica Krukoff & Barneby. In conscious unrestrained rats, normacusine B (1 mg/kg) decreased the mean arterial blood pressure (27.6 ± 8.4 mmHg, n = 6), followed by a significant increase in heart rate (115.0 ± 12.7 bpm, n = 6). The alkaloid failed to(More)
The present study was undertaken to determine whether supplementation with polymethoxylated flavones (PMFs) could ameliorate the fructose-induced hypertriglyceridemia and other metabolic abnormalities associated with insulin resistance (IR) in hamsters. Following feeding with the fructose diet, hamsters were supplemented orally with PMF-L or PMF-H (62.5 and(More)