Rina Perlman

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Transient hyperglycemia during acute illness may represent the earliest clinical sign of impaired beta cell function. This study sought to characterize the clinical presentation of patients with stress hyperglycemia and to determine the prevalence of immunologic and endocrinologic markers associated with prediabetes. Thirty-six children were studied. They(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if human milk insulin (HMI) concentrations are affected by gestational age and postnatal age. DESIGN AND SETTING An observational study carried out in a level III neonatal intensive care unit. Insulin concentrations were determined in human milk of 90 parturient mothers who delivered between 30 and 41 weeks gestation. Samples were(More)
We have recently demonstrated that patients suffering from chronic autoimmune diseases develop an autoantibody response against key mediators that participate in the initiation and progression of these diseases. In this paper, we show that patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), but not those suffering from several other inflammatory autoimmune(More)
Oral insulin promotes intestinal maturation and may prevent diabetes in animal models. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of insulin in human milk and in different infant formulas. Our results show that the concentration of insulin in human milk is significantly higher (60.23 +/- 41.05 microU/ml mean +/- SD) compared with cow's milk(More)
Oral insulin has intestinal trophic effects in suckling animals. In mice, lower glucose and lipid levels may be seen when oral insulin is given after the weaning period. The purpose of the present study is to examine local and systemic effects of oral insulin supplementation in rats in the postweaning period. Immediately after weaning, Sprague–Dawley rats(More)
OBJECTIVES After resection of hypothalamic/pituitary tumors, children are at risk for development of hormonal deficiencies, obesity, and hypersomnolence. However, the prevalence and pathophysiology of these complications are unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and severity of hypersomnolence in children after resection of(More)
The structure of the insulin receptor was studied with polyclonal antibodies obtained from rabbits which were immunized with synthetic peptides having a sequence identity to three regions of the alpha-subunit and five regions of the beta-subunit. None of the alpha-subunit antibodies including alpha-Pep8 (residues 40-49 (Ullrich, A., Bell, J.R., Chen, E.Y.,(More)
Livin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) family of intracellular antiapoptotic proteins that act by binding and inhibiting caspases. Upon strong apoptotic stimuli, it is then specifically cleaved by caspases to produce a truncated protein (tLivin) with a paradoxical proapoptotic activity. Intriguingly, we have detected robust protein(More)
Endocrine factors are known to affect platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity. To assess the role of sex steroid hormones in regulating MAO, blood samples for platelet MAO assay were obtained twice weekly from 12 women. Peak MAO activity occurred during the ovulatory interval and a nadir occurred in the postovulatory phase, 5 to 6 days later. A 17% mean(More)
Platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity is significantly reduced in chronic schizophrenics with family history of schizophrenia. The degree of reduction is related to the extent of genetic load. Schizophrenics with no affected relatives do not differ from control subjects. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis of genetic heterogeneity in(More)