Rina Karunakaran

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Bloodstream infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients and the surveillance of etiological agents in these infections is important for their prevention and treatment. Data on common organisms isolated from blood cultures from Malaysia are limited, and our aim was to identify the common(More)
Rhodococcus equi, a recognized pathogen in horses, is emerging as a human opportunistic pathogen, especially in immunocompromized hosts. We describe four immunocompromized patients who had serious R. equi infections with an overall mortality of 75%. The natural habitat of R. equi is soil, particularly soil contaminated with animal manure. Necrotizing(More)
OBJECTIVES Acute appendicitis is a common surgical emergency. The etiology and pathophysiology of appendicitis have been well investigated. Aggregatibacter aphrophilus is a fastidious gram-negative coccobacilli. Detection of this organism in clinical samples and its differentiation from Haemophilus aphrophilus or from Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans(More)
The established practice of sending blood cultures in an aerobic-anaerobic pair of bottles has been questioned in recent years, and this study was conducted to evaluate the routine use of an anaerobic bottle in the BACTEC blood culture set at the University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, from January to December 2004. A total of 11,663 paired blood(More)
From January 2008 to December 2009, 433 Streptococcus pneumoniae strains were examined to determine the serotype distribution and susceptibility to selected antibiotics. About 50% of them were invasive isolates. The strains were isolated from patients of all age groups and 33.55% were isolated from children below 5 years. The majority was isolated from(More)
The treatment of melioidosis currently involves the use of antimicrobials such as ceftazidime, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin-clavulanate and doxycycline. Evaluation of other antimicrobials with activity against the organism continues to be pursued, however, as the causative organism, B. pseudomallei, may not always be susceptible to the above(More)
BACKGROUND Brucella species are easily transmitted by aerosols and can be acquired in the laboratory. AIM To report the management of a large exposure to Brucella melitensis that occurred over six days in a hospital diagnostic laboratory. METHODS Fifty-one exposed staff were managed according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines. A(More)
OBJECTIVES The clinical impact of seasonal influenza is understudied in tropical countries. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features and seasonal pattern of influenza in children hospitalized in Malaysia, and to identify predictors of severe disease. METHODS Children hospitalized with community-acquired, laboratory-confirmed influenza(More)
AIM To study the role of rotavirus in children hospitalised for acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in two urban hospitals in Malaysia. METHODS A 12-month prospective study (January to December 2002), in children younger than 14 years with AGE hospitalised to the paediatric units of University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur; and Hospital Sultanah(More)