Rimondia S Percival

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Dry mouth is a common feature in the elderly, but it is not clear what proportion of incidences are related to functional disturbances and whether age per se and gender play a role. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of age and gender on salivary flow rates. The effect of age on unstimulated (resting) whole and stimulated parotid saliva flow(More)
This study investigated the ability of anaerobic periodontal bacteria to inactivate and resist killing by antimicrobial peptides through production of extracellular proteases. Antibacterial activities of peptides were assessed in a double-layer agarose diffusion assay, and MICs and MBCs were determined in broth microdilution assays. Culture supernates of(More)
The effect of age on quantitative or qualitative differences in selected bacteria of dental significance and on the carriage of opportunistic pathogens and transient oral species was determined in 79 healthy, non-denture wearing individuals divided into four age groups: 20-39 years (group A), 40-59 years (group B), 60-79 years (group C) and greater than or(More)
Bacteria persisting in periodontal pockets are exposed to elevated temperatures during periods of inflammation. Temperature is an environmental factor that can modulate gene expression. Consequently, in the present study we examined the effect of temperature on the expression of virulence determinants by the periodontopathogen, Porphyromonas gingivalis. P.(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if cocoa polyphenols could interfere with biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans or Streptococcus sanguinis, and reduce acid production from sucrose by S. mutans. The antimicrobial activity of cocoa polyphenols was assessed against cariogenic (S. mutans) and health-associated (S. sanguinis) species by minimum(More)
The study of plaque biofilms in the oral cavity is difficult as plaque removal inevitably disrupts biofilm integrity precluding kinetic studies involving the penetration of components and metabolism of substrates in situ. A method is described here in which plaque is formed in vivo under normal (or experimental) conditions using a collection device which(More)
AIM To examine the efficacy of tetra-sodium EDTA in controlling microbial contamination of dental unit water systems (DUWS). METHODS AND RESULTS Ten dental units were treated once a week with either 4% or 8% tetra-sodium EDTA for four or two consecutive weeks, respectively. Before treatment, 43% and 60% of the water samples from the air/water triple(More)
AIMS We examined the efficacy of tetrasodium EDTA in eradicating biofilms derived from salivary inocula or pure cultures of Candida albicans on discs of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture base or on toothbrushes that had been used normally for 4-8 weeks. Its efficiency in virus neutralization was also determined. METHODS AND RESULTS Overnight (16 h)(More)
Mucosal infections account for the majority of infections seen in elderly people, but little is known of whether mucosal immunity decreases with age. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of age on the levels of salivary and serum immunoglobulins and the salivary immunoglobulin secretion rates in a healthy adult population. Healthy(More)
This paper discusses the factors that determine whether the oral microflora play a beneficial or detrimental role in the health of an individual during their life. The resident microflora of the mouth is diverse, and distinct from that found elsewhere in the body due to its unique biological and physical properties. This natural microflora is essential for(More)