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F-actin polymerization following engagement of the T cell receptor (TCR) is dependent on WASP and is critical for T cell activation. The link between TCR and WASP is not fully understood. In resting cells, WASP exists in a complex with WIP, which inhibits its activation by Cdc42. We show that the adaptor protein CrkL binds directly to WIP. Further, TCR(More)
BACKGROUND Peanut allergy is a major public health problem that affects 1% of the population and has no effective therapy. OBJECTIVE To examine the safety and efficacy of oral desensitization in peanut-allergic children in combination with a brief course of anti-IgE mAb (omalizumab [Xolair]). METHODS We performed oral peanut desensitization in(More)
Common variable immune deficiency (CVID) is an assorted group of primary diseases that clinically manifest with antibody deficiency, infection susceptibility, and autoimmunity. Heterozygous mutations in the gene encoding the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member TACI are associated with CVID and autoimmune manifestations, whereas two mutated(More)
BACKGROUND Food-induced anaphylaxis is triggered by specific IgE antibodies. Paradoxically, some subjects with significant IgE levels can ingest allergenic foods without incident. Similarly, subjects completing oral immunotherapy (OIT) tolerate food challenges despite persistent high-titer food-specific IgE. OBJECTIVE We sought to test whether IgG(More)
Food allergy is a major public health problem affecting nearly 10 % of children in most industrialized countries. Unfortunately, there are no effective therapies for food allergy, relegating patients to simply avoid the offending foods and treat reactions that occur on accidental exposure. Recently however, studies suggest that food immunotherapy may(More)
The tumor necrosis factor receptor family member TACI (transmembrane activator and calcium-modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor) mediates isotype switching in B cells. We found that 4 of 19 unrelated individuals with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) and 1 of 16 individuals with IgA deficiency (IgAD) had a missense mutation in one allele of(More)
Both p53 and ceramide have been implicated in the regulation of growth suppression. p53 has been proposed as the "guardian of the genome" and ceramide has been suggested as a "tumor suppressor lipid. " Both molecules appear to regulate cell cycle arrest, senescence, and apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the relationship between p53 and ceramide. We(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous primary immunodeficiency disease. Immunoglobulin A deficiency (IGAD) shares some clinical, laboratory, and genetic features with CVID and occurs with relatively greater frequency in first-degree relatives of individuals with CVID. Recently, patients with CVID and IGAD have been found to have(More)
Anaphylactic reactions to immunoglobulin infusions in immunodeficient patients with undetectable IgA have been attributed in several reports to IgG or IgE anti-IgA antibodies. However, other reports have not supported an association between such antibodies and the development of severe reactions. We have reviewed the articles reporting reactions to(More)