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Atracurium has been evaluated in anaesthetized patients using the single twitch and tetanic responses of the adductor pollicis muscles. I.v. doses of 0.3-0.9 mg kg-1 produced complete neuromuscular block. In the dose range used mean arterial pressure was only decreased by about 20% of control for a few minutes after 0.9 mg kg-1 which was three times the(More)
The tetanic and single twitch responses of the adductor pollicis muscle were used to study the neuromuscular effects of neostigmine in 26 patients anaesthetized with thiopentone and nitrous oxide. Neostigmine 2.5 mg i.v. given 5 min after exposure to halothane antagonized non-depolarizing neuromuscular block, whereas a second dose give 2-5 min later(More)
Atracurium is a potent competitive neuromuscular blocking agent in anesthetized man with no cardiovascular effects at doses required for paralysis. Endotracheal intubation can be accomplished after i.v. doses of 0.6 and 0.3 mg kg-1, within 1 and 2 min respectively. Paralysis is readily antagonized by neostigmine and is enhanced by halothane. The consistent(More)
The effects of various drugs used during anaesthesia on the neuromuscular blocking activity of atracurium have been studied in anaesthetized cats. Clinically effective doses of diazepam, morphine, pentazocine, pethidine, ketamine, Althesin, methohexitone, Septrin, lignocaine, propranolol, calcium chloride or azathioprine did not significantly alter the(More)
A continuous infusion of atracurium , at an average rate of 0.0061 +/- 0.0003 mg kg-1 min-1 for 128-233 min, to 12 anaesthetized patients undergoing prolonged surgical procedures, provided readily controllable neuromuscular blockade, and good operating conditions. When the infusion was discontinued, full spontaneous recovery from 90-100% blockade in a mean(More)
1 Tetanic and single twitch contractions of the adductor pollicis muscles, in response to indirect stimulation of each ulnar nerve, were recorded in patients anaesthetized with thiopentone and nitrous oxide in oxygen. 2 Concentrations of 1 and 2% halothane were administered for 10 min during recovery from neuromuscular paralysis by tubocurarine, dimethyl(More)
  • R Hughes
  • 1970
SUMMARY Indirectly stimulated gastrocnemius muscles of anaesthetized cats were more sensitive to paralysis by non-depolarizing or competitive agents when tetanic bursts rather than single shocks were employed. This action may be mainly attributable to a reduction in the output of acetylcholine during tetanic stimulation. Recovery from paralysis of equal(More)
Atracurium besylate, 2,2'-(3,11-dioxo-4,10-dioxatridecylene)-bis-[6,7-dimethoxy-1-(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-2-methyl 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolinium] dibenzenesulphonate is a potent non-depolarising (competitive) neuromuscular blocking agent in the cat, monkey, dog and anaesthetized man. In man, it caused complete paralysis of the tetanic response of the(More)