Rikki M Tanner

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BACKGROUND The association between waist circumference and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) remains poorly explored. STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal population-based cohort. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS Participants in the REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) Study (n=30,239) with information for body mass index (BMI), waist(More)
Visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure (BP) has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality in some but not all studies. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the association between visit-to-visit variability of BP and CVD and all-cause mortality. Medical databases were searched through June 4, 2014, for(More)
The authors examined trends in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in 1988-1994 (n=1164), 1999-2004 (n=1,026), and 2005-2010 (n=1048) among US adults 80 years and older in serial National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Hypertension was defined as(More)
The prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has increased over the past several decades and is expected to continue to increase. Although the individual components of MetS have previously been associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), until recently there were few data on the relationship between MetS(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Apparent treatment-resistant hypertension is defined as systolic/diastolic BP ≥ 140/90 mmHg with concurrent use of three or more antihypertensive medication classes or use of four or more antihypertensive medication classes regardless of BP level. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS The prevalence of apparent(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES It has been suggested that reduced estimated GFR (eGFR) among older adults does not necessarily reflect a pathologic phenomenon. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS We examined the association between eGFR and albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) and all-cause mortality stratified by age (45 to 59.9, 60 to 69.9, 70 to(More)
Obesity is associated with chronic kidney disease progression. Whether metabolic risk factors modify this association is unclear. Here we examined associations of body mass index (BMI) and metabolic health with risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. Among 21,840 participants(More)
BACKGROUND It is not known whether geographic differences in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease exist and are associated with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) incidence rates across the United States. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional and ecologic. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS White (n = 16,410) and black (n = 11,109) participants from across the continental(More)
BACKGROUND Prior evidence suggests that longer duration of residence in the southeastern United States is associated with higher prevalence of diabetes and hypertension. We postulated that a similar association would exist for chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS In a national population-based cohort study that enrolled 30,239 men and women ≥ 45 years(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes is often undiagnosed, resulting in incorrect risk stratification for lipid-lowering therapy. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2010 to determine the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of elevated LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) among U.S. adults with(More)