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This study describes the applications of a naturally occurring small heat shock protein (Hsp) that forms a cage-like structure to act as a drug carrier. Mutant Hsp cages (HspG41C) were expressed in Escherichia coli by substituting glycine 41 located inside the cage with a cysteine residue to allow conjugation with a fluorophore or a drug. The HspG41C cages(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) is frequently used to monitor phosphorylated peptides or protein kinase activities. However, few reports have compared a radioactivity assay with MALDI-TOF-MS analysis. We analyzed the phosphorylation ratios of 23 peptide substrates for G protein-coupled receptor(More)
We recently developed a novel tumor-targeted gene delivery system responding to hyperactivated intracellular signals. Polymeric carrier for gene delivery consists of hydrophilic neutral polymer as main chains and cationic peptide substrate for target enzyme as side chains, and was named polymer-peptide conjugate (PPC). Introduction of chondroitin sulfate(More)
Protein nanocages are self-organized complexes of oligomers whose three-dimensional architecture can been determined in detail. These structures possess nanoscale inner cavities into which a variety of molecules, including therapeutic or diagnostic agents, can be encapsulated. These properties yield these particles suitable for a new class of drug delivery(More)
Recently, we have proposed a novel strategy for a cell-specific gene therapy system based on responses to intracellular signals. In this system, an intracellular signal that is specifically and abnormally activated in the diseased cells is used for the activation of transgene expression. In this study, we used protein kinase C (PKC)a as a trigger to(More)
A series of amino acid substitutions was made in a previously identified β-tubulin-derived GRK2 substrate peptide (404DEMEFTEAESNMN416) to examine the role of amino acid residues surrounding the phosphorylation site. Anionic amino acid residues surrounding the phosphorylation site played an important role in the affinity for GRK2. Compared to the original(More)
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