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An autopsy case of a 52-year-old man suffering from chronic manganese poisoning (CMP) is reported with determination of the manganese distribution in the brain. The patient had been working in a manganese ore crushing plant since 1965. In 1967 he began to complain of difficulties in walking and diminished libido. Later, he developed various(More)
Amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) is the major component of senile plaques that emerge in the cortex during aging and appear most abundantly in Alzheimer's disease. In the course of our immunocytochemical study on a large number of autopsy cases, we noticed, in many aged nondemented cases, the presence of unique diffuse plaques in the cortex distinct from(More)
We examined regional differences in the activity of a mitochondrial respiratory enzyme, succinic dehydrogenase (SDH), in the hippocampi of normal and postischemic gerbils, using a quantitative imaging method. Gerbils (n = 21) without ischemia, and gerbils which had experienced 5 min of bilateral common carotid artery occlusion 12 h or 2 days previously,(More)
In this study we sought to learn about when and how amyloid beta-protein (A beta) accumulates in the cortex of normal individuals and about the difference in the A beta accumulation between normal aged and Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. From consecutive autopsy cases and AD cases, hippocampus CA1 and occipitotemporal cortex T4 were sampled for A beta(More)
A case of neuronal intranuclear hyaline inclusion disease (NIHID) is described. The patient was a 26-year-old man who died of a progressive neurologic disorder, the onset of which occurred at the age of 11 years. Clinically, the disease presented as juvenile parkinsonism, and pathologically it was characterized by multiple-system degeneration in conjunction(More)
A postmortem case of an atypical form of dural graft associated Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is described. A 42 year old man developed progressive spastic paresis 163 months after a cadaveric dura mater graft. He presented with no myoclonus and very late occurrence of periodic synchronous discharges on EEG. The prion protein (PrP) gene was homozygous for(More)
Bilateral xanthogranulomas arising from both choroid plexues were found in a 6-year-old child with epileptic seizures and psychomotor retardation. Both masses were surgically removed without adding any neurological deficits. The xanthogranulomas were fairly large, and the posterior part of both lateral ventricles were slightly dilated, but clinical symptoms(More)
An autopsied patient with Menkes' kinky hair disease, who showed unusually long survival until the age of five years with typical neuropathological changes, was examined for distribution of neuronal depletion in the cerebral cortex, and the cerebellar changes were compared morphologically and immunohistochemically with those found in a younger patient (1(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify a clinical and neuropathologic phenotype of an inherited prion disease associated with a missense mutation at codon 105 in the prion protein (PrP) gene that was originally described as a variant of Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease demonstrating spastic paraparesis. METHODS Two siblings from a Japanese family are described. PrP(More)
Experimental studies were performed to elucidate the significance of various physiological factors contributing to the pathogenesis of carbon monoxide (CO) encephalopathy, such as systemic blood pressure (BP), common carotid artery blood flow (CF), local blood flow (LBF) of the brain and blood gas including pH, and to analyse the morphological character of(More)