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To elucidate how the size of the expanded CAG repeat of the gene for dentatorubral pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) and other factors affect the atrophy of the brainstem and cerebellum, and the appearance of high-intensity signals on T2-weighted MRI of the cerebral white matter of patients with DRPLA, we quantitatively analyzed the MRI findings of 26 patients(More)
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) has recently been studied in several countries owing to the development and wide spread use of imaging technology, but few epidemiological studies of childhood ADEM have been undertaken in Asian countries. To perform a comprehensive survey of ADEM and related diseases in Japanese children, we conducted a(More)
Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by various combinations of ataxia, choreoathetosis, myoclonus, epilepsy, and dementia as well as a wide range of ages at onset. A specific unstable trinucleotide repeat expansion in a gene on the short arm of chromosome 12 was recently identified as the(More)
We documented the presence of a point mutation in the tRNA(Lys) gene of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in various postmortem tissues from two patients with myoclonus epilepsy associated with ragged-red fibers (MERRF). The percentages of the mutant mtDNA were similar (93 to 99%) in both clinically affected and unaffected tissues, suggesting that preferential(More)
OBJECTIVES Mutational analysis of the sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27) gene was performed on three patients from two Japanese families who had cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) associated with parkinsonism. METHODS Clinical evaluations, brain MRI studies, and laboratory analyses were completed on the three patients. The CYP27 gene was analysed for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ischemic complications after coil embolization of the PcomA aneurysms are not thoroughly understood, especially in cases in which the PcomA is sacrificed. Our purpose was to examine the preoperative angiographic features and pattern of postoperative cerebral infarctions exhibited by patients who underwent embolization of ruptured(More)
A 26-year-old female developed mental deterioration, general convulsion, cataract and spastic gait in order since her entrance into elementary school. A diagnosis of cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) was made because of hypercholestanolemia. At the time of admission, cataract, a mild thickening of Achilles tendons, mental deterioration, spastic(More)
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