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Accumulating evidence shows that deterioration of vascular endothelial function underlies the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases following lifestyle-related diseases. Both Val-Pro-Pro (VPP) and Ile-Pro-Pro (IPP), which are tripeptides derived from proteolytic hydrolysate of milk casein, inhibit angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), suggesting that(More)
OBJECTIVE The level of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is elevated in patients with ovarian cancer, and LPA has been reported to have a pivotal role in cancer dissemination. In the current study, the effect of LPA on the motility of ovarian cancer cells was investigated. METHODS We analyzed the effects of LPA on the migration activity, the focal adhesion(More)
Alendronate, a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, is a potent inhibitor of bone resorption used for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis. Recent findings suggest that alendronate and other nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates inhibit the mevalonate pathway and thereby inhibit the synthesis of products derived from this metabolite. This, in turn,(More)
During mammalian embryonic development, the formation and subsequent expansion of a fluid-filled cavity, the blastocoel, is crucial for successful implantation. Our present experiments were aimed at exploring the contribution of Rho-kinase, a downstream effector of the small GTP-binding protein RhoA, to mouse blastocoel formation. RT-PCR analysis showed(More)
The mouse blastocyst consists of the trophectoderm, the inner cell mass, and a fluid-filled cavity, the blastocoel. Formation and subsequent expansion of this cavity is important for further differentiation of the inner cell mass and successful implantation. Previous work provided evidence that vectorial transport of Na+ and CL- ions through the(More)
The RhoA/Rho-kinase cascade is involved in various cellular functions, including migration, proliferation, and smooth muscle contraction. We examined the potential role of this pathway in oxytocin-induced uterine contraction. The specific Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 inhibited oxytocin-induced rat uterine contraction on d 21 of pregnancy in a(More)
Ovarian cancer is characterized by diffuse peritoneal carcinomatosis and often by large volumes of ascites. We previously reported that alendronate, a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, inhibited ovarian cancer cell migration by attenuating the activation of Rho through inhibiting the mevalonate pathway. However, questions remain about the ability of(More)
We encountered two cases of severe intrauterine hemorrhage associated with congenital intestinal atresia. In both cases, the first sign that necessitated immediate clinical management was the abnormal fetal heart rate patterns, represented by prolonged bradycardias and late decelerations. This occurred immediately after the onset of labor. An emergency(More)
OBJECTIVE The small guanosine triphosphatase RhoA/Rho-kinase cascade has been implicated in uterine contraction. Our purpose was to evaluate the tocolytic effect of a Rho-kinase inhibitor, Y-27632, in lipopolysaccharide-induced preterm delivery in mice. STUDY DESIGN We used an animal model of lipopolysaccharide-induced preterm delivery in C3H/HeN x B6D2F1(More)
OBJECTIVE The development and maturation of the ovarian follicles are characterized by structural changes that require components involved in cell-cell adhesion systems. Recently a novel group of cell adhesion molecules named nectins has been identified. The present study examined expression and cell-specific localization of nectins during mouse follicular(More)
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