Rik Westland

Learn More
BACKGROUND Children with a solitary functioning kidney (SFK) have an increased risk of developing hypertension, albuminuria and chronic kidney disease in later life. This renal injury is hypothesized to be caused by glomerular hyperfiltration that follows renal mass reduction in animal studies. Furthermore, children with an SFK show a high incidence of(More)
BACKGROUND Many papers are published on cohorts with unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) patients, but show variable results as to the incidence of associated urinary tract abnormalities. The objective of this study was to describe the status of the urinary tract, including contralateral hypertrophy and malformations, in patients with unilateral(More)
The optimal route for insulin administration by insulin infusion devices has not been established. To assess the differences between the peripheral venous and portal venous routes of insulin administration on postprandial metabolic responses, six alloxan-diabetic dogs were studied on four occasions. On the first, the insulin infusion rates given by the(More)
BACKGROUND Unilateral renal agenesis (URA) is associated with other congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) and extra-renal anomalies. However, the reported prevalences of these anomalies are highly variable. We estimated the prevalence of associated CAKUT and extra-renal anomalies in patients with URA. Furthermore, we determined the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Children with a solitary functioning kidney may develop CKD. Although widely used, equations to estimate GFR are not validated in these patients. This study sought to determine the precision of common estimating equations in the KIMONO (KIdney of MONofunctional Origin) cohort. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Two(More)
Children with a solitary functioning kidney are at increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease. Hypertension may be an early indicator of renal dysfunction in these patients. We determined blood pressure (BP) profiles of children with a solitary functioning kidney by using ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). To assess the occurrence with(More)
We compared the ability of closed-loop intravenous insulin infusion (i.e., an artificial "pancreas"), open-loop continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion, and intensified conventional insulin therapy (preprandial injections of regular insulin, with injection of long-acting zinc-suspension insulin before breakfast) to bring the hyperglycemia of(More)
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is usually characterized by uncontrolled complement activation. The recent discovery of loss-of-function mutations in DGKE in patients with aHUS and normal complement levels challenged this observation. DGKE, encoding diacylglycerol kinase-ε, has not been implicated in the complement cascade but hypothetically leads(More)
The effects of peripheral venous and portal venous delivery of insulin by a closed-loop insulin infusion device (Biostator GCIIS) on postprandial hyperglycemia and rates of glucose appearance, disappearance, and clearance were compared in alloxan-diabetic dogs. The amounts of insulin required and the peripheral venous plasma insulin concentrations achieved(More)
The effects of size, time of day and sequence of meal ingestion were determined in healthy subjects using a Latin square design. Plasma glucose, insulin and gastric inhibitory polypeptide, but not glucagon, were correlated with meal size. Plasma glucose, but not insulin, gastric inhibitory polypeptide or glucagon, were greater later in the day. The(More)