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BACKGROUND Unilateral renal agenesis (URA) is associated with other congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) and extra-renal anomalies. However, the reported prevalences of these anomalies are highly variable. We estimated the prevalence of associated CAKUT and extra-renal anomalies in patients with URA. Furthermore, we determined the(More)
BACKGROUND Many papers are published on cohorts with unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) patients, but show variable results as to the incidence of associated urinary tract abnormalities. The objective of this study was to describe the status of the urinary tract, including contralateral hypertrophy and malformations, in patients with unilateral(More)
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is usually characterized by uncontrolled complement activation. The recent discovery of loss-of-function mutations in DGKE in patients with aHUS and normal complement levels challenged this observation. DGKE, encoding diacylglycerol kinase-ε, has not been implicated in the complement cascade but hypothetically leads(More)
The effects of size, time of day and sequence of meal ingestion were determined in healthy subjects using a Latin square design. Plasma glucose, insulin and gastric inhibitory polypeptide, but not glucagon, were correlated with meal size. Plasma glucose, but not insulin, gastric inhibitory polypeptide or glucagon, were greater later in the day. The(More)
BACKGROUND Children with a solitary functioning kidney (SFK) have an increased risk of developing hypertension, albuminuria and chronic kidney disease in later life. This renal injury is hypothesized to be caused by glomerular hyperfiltration that follows renal mass reduction in animal studies. Furthermore, children with an SFK show a high incidence of(More)
We compared the ability of closed-loop intravenous insulin infusion (i.e., an artificial "pancreas"), open-loop continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion, and intensified conventional insulin therapy (preprandial injections of regular insulin, with injection of long-acting zinc-suspension insulin before breakfast) to bring the hyperglycemia of(More)
BACKGROUND Children with a solitary functioning kidney are at increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease. Hypertension may be an early indicator of renal dysfunction in these patients. We determined blood pressure (BP) profiles of children with a solitary functioning kidney by using ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). METHODS To assess the(More)
OBJECTIVE The hyperfiltration hypothesis implies that children with a solitary functioning kidney are at risk to develop hypertension, proteinuria, and chronic kidney disease. We sought to determine the presenting age of renal injury and identify risk factors for children with a solitary functioning kidney. METHODS We evaluated 407 patients for signs of(More)
Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract are the major cause of ESRD in childhood. Children with a solitary functioning kidney form an important subgroup of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract patients, and a significant fraction of these children is at risk for progression to CKD. However, challenges remain in distinguishing(More)
To assess the effects of size, time of day, and sequence of meals on insulin requirements determined by an artificial endocrine pancreas, eight insulin-dependent diabetics ate meals of 12.5%, 25%, and 50% of total calories (30 Kcal/kg) at 0800, 1300, and 1800 on each of 3 separate days in a randomized order in one of two sequences in a three by three Latin(More)