Rik A. de Groen

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With increasing interest in alternative options to interferon-alpha-based treatments, IFN-λ has shown therapeutic promise in a variety of diseases. Although the antiviral activity of IFN-λ has been extensively studied, there is limited knowledge regarding the immunological functions of IFN-λ and how these differ from those of other classes of IFNs. In this(More)
Besides type I interferons (IFNs), type III IFNs, including IFNλ1 (interleukin-29 [IL-29]), possess potent antiviral activity. In patients infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), it has been demonstrated that viral clearance is associated with genetic variation near the IFNλ3 (IL-28B) gene. The rapid influx of research being conducted on this family of(More)
During the past decade, increased emphasis has been placed on finding alternatives to IFN-α-based therapies. One such alternative, IFN-λ, has shown therapeutic promise in a variety of diseases, but research of this family of cytokines has been primarily focused on their antiviral activities. The goal of the present study was to investigate the role of IFN-λ(More)
In humans, clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with genetic variation near the IL-28B gene and the induction of interferon-stimulated genes, like IP-10. Also in chimpanzees spontaneous clearance of HCV is observed. To study whether similar correlations exist in these animals, a direct comparison of IP-10 and IL-28B polymorphism(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic HBV infection can be divided into 4 distinct clinical phases: immune tolerant, immune active, inactive carrier, and HBeAg-negative hepatitis. Using a systems biology approach, we recently identified innate immune response components, specifically NK cells as a distinctive factor of specific HBV clinical phases. To expand on this study and(More)
Background Mucosal-Associated Invariant T cells (MAIT cells) might play a role in control of viral replication during chronic hepatitis B (cHBV) infection, but little is known of their number, phenotype or function in cHBV patients. Methods We performed flow cytometry on CD3+Vɑ7.2+CD161+ MAIT cells in blood of 55 cHBV patients. Nine patients were sampled(More)
Unraveling the mechanisms underlying the inflammatory response in rheumatoid arthritis is crucial in order to better understand the disease and to develop novel therapeutic approaches. Although the effect of type I interferons on fibroblasts and in the context of rheumatoid arthritis has been described for some time, little is known on the effects of the(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells have long been thought of as a purely innate immune cell population, but increasing reports have described developmental and functional qualities of NK cells that are commonly associated with cells of the adaptive immune system. Of these features, the ability of NK cells to acquire functional qualities associated with immunological(More)
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