Learn More
The role of diet in the prevention of breast cancer is widely accepted, yet little is known about how its biological effects mitigate susceptibility to this disease. Soy consumption is associated with reduced breast cancer risk in women, an effect largely attributed to the soy isoflavone genistein (Gen). We previously showed reduced incidence of chemically(More)
We previously reported that lifetime consumption of soy proteins or whey proteins reduced the incidence of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon tumors in rats. To obtain insights into these effects, global gene expression profiles of colons from rats with lifetime ingestion of casein (CAS, control diet), soy protein isolate (SPI), and whey protein hydrolysate(More)
Nutrition-ethanol (EtOH) interactions during gestation remain unclear primarily due to the lack of appropriate rodent models. In the present report we utilize total enteral nutrition (TEN) to specifically understand the roles of nutrition and caloric intake in EtOH-induced fetal toxicity. Time-impregnated rats were intragastrically fed either control or(More)
Skeletal muscle atrophy is associated with elevated apoptosis while muscle differentiation results in apoptosis resistance, indicating that the role of apoptosis in skeletal muscle is multifaceted. The objective of this study was to investigate mechanisms underlying apoptosis susceptibility in proliferating myoblasts compared to differentiated myotubes and(More)
Krüppel-like factor 9 (Klf9), a zinc-finger transcription factor, is implicated in the control of cell proliferation, cell differentiation, and cell fate. Using Klf9-null mutant mice, we have investigated the involvement of Klf9 in intestine crypt-villus cell renewal and lineage determination. We report the predominant expression of Klf9 gene in small and(More)
Previous study indicated that inclusion of an algae-based antioxidant as an antioxidative agent [EconomasE, Alltech, Nicholasville, KY; EcoE] significantly reduced the amount of vitamin E (VE) required in broiler diets without compromising performance and meat quality. To assess the mechanisms related to the VE-saving activity of EcoE, as well as other(More)
Spermatogenesis is a tightly regulated, selenium-dependent process. Nutritional deficiencies, including Se, have been associated with decreased fertility. During Se depletion, testes preferentially retain Se while other tissues are depleted. This study was aimed at evaluating the effect of Se source (inorganic or organic yeast derived) on testes weight, Se(More)
We examined effects of dietary soy protein isolate (SPI) or genistein (GEN; soy isoflavone) during pregnancy on development of colon cancer in male progeny Sprague-Dawley rats. Four groups of rats were used: a lifetime casein-fed group (CAS; control diet), a lifetime SPI-fed group (positive control for protective effect of diet on colon carcinogenesis), a(More)
We evaluated partially hydrolyzed whey protein (WPH) for inhibitory effects on the development of colon aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and intestinal tumors in azoxymethane (AOM)-treated rats. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats and their progeny were fed AIN-93G diets containing casein (CAS, control diet) or WPH as the sole protein source. Colons and small intestines(More)
Compared with group 1, group 2 gained a significant amount of body mass (1.25 kg; P ≤ 0.05) over the 10 weeks. During the first 5 weeks, group 2 gained a significant amount of fat-free mass (0.72 kg; P = 0.05) compared with group 1. At 10 weeks, group 2 exhibited a trend toward gaining fat-free mass (1.6 kg). No significant changes were noted comparatively(More)