Riitta Mustonen

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PURPOSE To examine the distribution of radiation-induced breakpoints in chromosomes 1, 2 and 4 both in relation to their DNA content and by localization of the breaks along each chromosome. MATERIAL AND METHODS The work consisted of two studies, one with chromosomal aberrations found in persons after accidental exposure in Estonia in 1994 and another(More)
SalomaTranslocation analysis using FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization) chromosome painting was performed to evaluate the magnitude of exposure to ionizing radiation among the human population living close to the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site in Kazakhstan. We studied two generations of people living in villages that were in the path of the(More)
A total of 369 samples of Finnish building materials were tested for their 226Ra, 232Th and 40K concentrations. The rate of radon exhalation was measured from 19 samples of material and 34 dwellings were tested for their room air ventilation rate and radon concentration. The mean values of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K concentrations in ballast materials for(More)
The p53 gene was examined for point mutations in archived, alpha-radiation-associated lung and liver cancers. Lung tumors of 50 uranium miners in Germany were screened by restriction fragment length analysis for the putative hotspot mutation at codon 249 (Arg-->Met) previously detected in a significant fraction of miners from the Colorado Plateau, USA. This(More)
A single accidental event such as the fallout released from the Chernobyl reactor in 1986 can expose millions of people to non-natural environmental radiation. Ionizing radiation increases the frequency of germline mutations in experimental studies, but the genetic effects of radiation in humans remain largely undefined. To evaluate the hereditary effects(More)
Two experiments were carried out by using atomic absorption spectroscopy on the stability and dose-dependence of cisplatin [cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II)] binding to blood proteins and tissue DNA of male Han/Wistar rats. The dose-dependence was studied by injecting 17 rats i.p. either with cisplatin (4.4, 8.0 or 11.0 mg/kg) or 0.9% NaCl (controls). The(More)
An indirect immunohistochemical technique was used to monitor the expression of cellular fibronectin (cFN) and tenascin (TN) in the rabbit cornea after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in a 1 year follow up study. Rabbits received a 5.0 D myopic PRK, and were killed 3 days, 1, 3, 6, or 12 months after the operation. In most corneas, secondary epithelial(More)
7-methylguanine DNA adducts were determined in macroscopically normal bronchial specimens and peripheral blood lymphocytes of 20 patients undergoing pulmonary surgery. A recently developed 32P-postlabeling assay was applied with anion exchange chromatography as an adduct enrichment method. The material consisted of 13 smokers and 7 non-smokers. The mean(More)
The Comet assay (microgel electrophoresis) was used to study DNA damage in Raji cells, a B-lymphoblastoid cell line, after treatment with different doses of neutrons (0.5 to 16 Gy) or gamma rays (1.4 to 44.8 Gy). A better growth recovery was observed in cells after gamma-ray treatments compared with neutron treatments. The relative biological effectiveness(More)