Riikka Karjalainen

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UNLABELLED We present an individualized systems medicine (ISM) approach to optimize cancer drug therapies one patient at a time. ISM is based on (i) molecular profiling and ex vivo drug sensitivity and resistance testing (DSRT) of patients' cancer cells to 187 oncology drugs, (ii) clinical implementation of therapies predicted to be effective, and (iii)(More)
We developed a systematic algorithmic solution for quantitative drug sensitivity scoring (DSS), based on continuous modeling and integration of multiple dose-response relationships in high-throughput compound testing studies. Mathematical model estimation and continuous interpolation makes the scoring approach robust against sources of technical variability(More)
Strong gain-of-function mutations have not been identified in humans in the FSH receptor (FSHR), whereas such mutations are common among many other G protein-coupled receptors. In order to predict consequences of such mutations on humans, we first identified constitutively activated mutants of the mouse (m) Fshr and then expressed them under the human(More)
The increasing coverage and sensitivity of LC-MS/MS-based proteomics have expanded its applications in systems medicine. In particular, label-free quantitation approaches are enabling biomarker discovery in terms of statistical comparison of proteomic profiles across large numbers of clinical samples. However, it still remains poorly understood how much(More)
The causes leading to a second abortion were outlined in a psychological study comparing 30 women expecting a second abortion with 29 women who had successfully prevented conception after a first abortion. It was found that both groups improved their contraceptive practices after the first abortion. However, while the latter group continued with their(More)
The indifferent mammalian embryonic gonad generates an ovary or testis, but the factors involved are still poorly known. The Wnt-4 signal represents one critical female determinant, since its absence leads to partial female-to-male sex reversal in mouse, but its signalling is as well implicated in the testis development. We used the Wnt-4 deficient mouse as(More)
Novel agents have increased survival of multiple myeloma (MM) patients, however high-risk and relapsed/refractory patients remain challenging to treat and their outcome is poor. To identify novel therapies and aid treatment selection for MM, we assessed the ex vivo sensitivity of 50 MM patient samples to 308 approved and investigational drugs. With the(More)
The bone marrow (BM) provides a protective microenvironment to support the survival of leukemic cells and influence their response to therapeutic agents. In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the high rate of relapse may in part be a result of the inability of current treatment to effectively overcome the protective influence of the BM niche. To better(More)
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