Rieko Setsuie

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Mammalian neuronal cells abundantly express a deubiquitylating enzyme, ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCH L1). Mutations in UCH L1 are linked to Parkinson's disease as well as gracile axonal dystrophy (gad) in mice. In contrast to the UCH L3 isozyme that is universally expressed in all tissues, UCH L1 is expressed exclusively in neurons and(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common neurodegenerative diseases, are caused by both genetic and environmental factors. Ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) is a deubiquitinating enzyme that is involved in the pathogenesis of both of these neurodegenerative diseases. Several functions of UCH-L1, other than as an(More)
Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) is a component of the ubiquitin system, which has a fundamental role in regulating various biological activities. However, the functional role of the ubiquitin system in neurogenesis is not known. Here we show that UCH-L1 regulates the morphology of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) and mediates neurogenesis. UCH-L1(More)
Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCH-L1) can be detected in mouse testicular germ cells, mainly spermatogonia and somatic Sertoli cells, but its physiological role is unknown. We show that transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing EF1alpha promoter-driven UCH-L1 in the testis are sterile due to a block during spermatogenesis at an early stage (pachytene)(More)
The synuclein family includes three isoforms, termed alpha, beta and gamma. alpha-Synuclein accumulates in various pathological lesions resulting from neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and multiple system atrophy. However, neither beta- nor gamma-synuclein has been detected in Lewy bodies, and(More)
The rare inherited form of Parkinson's disease (PD), PARK5, is caused by a missense mutation in ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1) gene, resulting in Ile93Met substitution in its gene product (UCH-L1(Ile93Met)). PARK5 is inherited in an autosomal-dominant mode, but whether the Ile93Met mutation gives rise to a gain-of-toxic-function or(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons. The I93M mutation in ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) is associated with familial PD, and we have previously shown that the I93M UCH-L1-transgenic mice exhibit dopaminergic cell loss. Over 90% of neurodegenerative diseases, including PD, occur(More)
The I93M mutation in ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) was reported in one German family with autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). The causative role of the mutation has, however, been questioned. We generated transgenic (Tg) mice carrying human UCHL1 under control of the PDGF-B promoter; two independent lines were generated with the(More)
The experimentally induced cryptorchid mouse model is useful for elucidating the in vivo molecular mechanism of germ cell apoptosis. Apoptosis, in general, is thought to be partly regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Here, we analyzed the function of two closely related members of the ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase (UCH) family in testicular germ(More)
Mutations in the Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene cause 20-25% of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Mutant SOD1 causes motor neuron degeneration through toxic gain-of-function(s). However, the direct molecular targets of mutant SOD1, underlying its toxicity, are not fully understood. In this study, we found that alpha/beta-tubulin is one(More)