Rieko Inaba

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When people communicate in their native languages using machine translation, they face various problems in constructing common ground. This study investigates the difficulties of constructing common ground when multiparty groups (consisting of more than two language communities) communicate using machine translation. We compose triads whose members come(More)
Our proposed " Language Grid " infrastructure supports multilingual communication by combining in new way language resources, such as machine translators, morphological analyzers, and dictionaries specific to user communities. We developed the Language Grid as a language infrastructure on the Internet. The Language Grid enables user communities to combine(More)
This paper studies the patterns of cultural differences observed in pictogram interpretation. We conducted a 14-month online survey in the U.S. and Japan to ask the meaning of 120 pictograms used in a pictogram communication system. A total of 935 respondents in the U.S. and 543 respondents in Japan participated in the survey to submit pictogram(More)
The Language Grid is an initiative to build an infrastructure that allows end users to create new language services for their intercultural / multilingual activities. To this end, language resources (including data and programs) are wrapped to form Web services that users can combine easily to realize workflows that suit their own activities. There are four(More)
The Language Grid is a middleware with which people can connect and use language resources such as machine translations, morphological analyzers and others created in the fields of intercultural collaboration. The Language Grid cannot exist without the collaboration of Language Grid Users who provide language and computation resources, language services,(More)
To retrieve pictograms having semantically ambiguous interpretations , we propose a semantic relevance measure which uses pictogram interpretation words collected from a web survey. The proposed measure uses ratio and similarity information contained in a set of pictogram interpretation words to (1) retrieve pictograms having implicit meaning but not(More)
SUMMARY Since participants at both end of the communication channel must share common pictogram interpretation to communicate, the pic-togram selection task must consider both participants' pictogram interpretations. Pictogram interpretation, however, can be ambiguous. To assist the selection of pictograms more likely to be interpreted as intended, we(More)
The educational system has gradually shifted from a face-to-face to an e-learning system, which has become prevalent in advanced countries with the advance of information technology, and connection of global networks. Accordingly, a growing demand is emerging for more reliable individual certification with technical precision in order to measure and record(More)