Rie Yamanaka

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PURPOSE Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) plays an important role in the development of choroidal neovascularization. TGF-beta transduces signals through the mediation of type I and type II receptors. We investigated the expression of TGF-beta receptors in a normal rat retina and a model of experimentally induced choroidal neovascularization. (More)
Human infants perceive two rods moving in concert behind an occluder as one unitary rod. In four experiments we tested whether pigeons also perceive unity of objects. Pigeons were trained on a matching-to-sample task to discriminate between one unitary rod moving at a constant speed and two aligned rods moving together at the same speed. The latter stimulus(More)
To investigate the involvement of psychological/social factors in the condition of climacteric disturbance in Japan and the Philippines, we examined the menopausal symptoms and psychological/social factors in menopausal women living in local communities and compared among both countries whether differences in culture, lifestyle, etc. affected the condition(More)
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