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Adipocyte dysfunction is strongly associated with the development of obesity and insulin resistance. It is accepted that the regulation of adipocytokine expression is one of the most important targets for the prevention of obesity and improvement of insulin sensitivity. In this study, we have demonstrated that anthocyanin (cyanidin 3-glucoside; C3G) which(More)
Bisphosphonates inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption and are being used as treatment for bone metastases from breast cancer. Intravenous bisphosphonate therapy can significantly reduce skeletal related events (SREs) when administered concurrently with chemotherapy or endocrine therapy. In addition, intravenous bisphosphonate monotherapy is also able to(More)
UNLABELLED We investigated whether the early postoperative time course of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level after resection of lung cancer could be used to predict patients' prognosis. Fifty-three lung cancer patients were included in this study. Postoperative serum CEA levels were calculated by means of non-linear least-squares fitting to the equation(More)
BACKGROUND Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonotic disease worldwide. The lack of an adequate laboratory test is a major barrier for diagnosis, especially during the early stages of illness, when antibiotic therapy is most effective. Therefore, there is a critical need for an efficient diagnostic test for this life threatening disease. METHODOLOGY In order(More)
We examined whether hypertrophy of the carotid artery in patients with untreated essential hypertension is associated with compensatory carotid artery enlargement as these patients age. Carotid ultrasonography was evaluated in 163 patients with untreated essential hypertension (74 males and 89 females) and in 76 normotensive subjects. Intima-media(More)
It remains unclear whether white-coat hypertension is associated with vascular organ damage (e.g., carotid arteriosclerosis) in the same way sustained hypertension is. We therefore compared the progression of carotid arteriosclerosis among Japanese individuals showing normal blood pressures, sustained hypertension or white-coat hypertension. A total of 30(More)
Effects of beraprost sodium, a chemically stable prostacyclin analogue, on renal dysfunction in an experimental rat model of glomerulonephritis were investigated. Beraprost sodium (30, 100 and 300 microg/kg) was orally given twice daily from the late stage of nephritis in which renal dysfunction was already developed. Beraprost sodium treatment inhibited(More)
Whether insulin influences microvascular exchange is important in understanding its specific role in insulin resistance and the treatment of diabetes. We investigated whether insulin could induce changes in the microvascular flux of albumin from the mesenteric venules of anesthetized male and female Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 11). After catheterization for(More)
1. The alpha-amylases (1,4-alpha-D-glucan glucanohydrolase, EC of rat serum, urine, pancreas, parotid gland and liver were separated by electrophoresis on a cellulose acetate membrane. They were found to be of three different types: a parotid gland type, a pancreatic type and a liver type. Rat serum and urine contained parotid type amylase only. 2.(More)