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Drosophila ma-l gene was suggested to encode an enzyme for sulfuration of the desulfo molybdenum cofactor for xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) and aldehyde oxidase (AO). The human molybdenum cofactor sulfurase (HMCS) gene, the human ma-l homologue, is therefore a candidate gene responsible for classical xanthinuria type II, which involves both XDH and AO(More)
Two brothers with classical xanthinuria who lacked xanthine dehydrogenase activity were encountered. Their hypouricemia was caused by underproduction of uric acid. In their duodenal mucosa, no xanthine dehydrogenase (oxidase) activity was detected. The patients had no symptoms except for duodenal ulcer in one case. The conversion of allopurinol to(More)
A 32-year-old man who had had frequent gouty arthritis over the past 17 years, was admitted for acute renal failure. Acute renal failure was improved rapidly after medication was resumed and the patient was sufficiently hydrated. The hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) activity in the patient had been reduced to about 30% of the normal(More)
The major ether-type lipid structures ofSulfolobus acidocaldarius (ATCC33909) were composed of caldarchaeol and calditoglycerocaldarchaeol. However, the characterization by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry showed that the structure of calditol in calditoglycerocaldarchaeol is not nonitol,(More)
A method using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for determination of phosphoribosylpyrophosphate (PRPP) synthetase activity in human erythrocytes has been developed and PRPP synthetase activity on purine and pyrimidine metabolic disorders has been studied. Kinetic properties of erythrocyte PRPP synthetase of patients with gout and of a patient(More)
We evaluated six deproteinizing methods for determination of uric acid in serum by "high-performance" liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection: those involving zinc hydroxide, sodium tungstate, trichloroacetic acid, perchloric acid, acetonitrile, and centrifugal ultrafiltration (with Amicon MPS-1 devices). We used a Toyosoda ODS-120A reversed-phase(More)
A screening method using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for the simultaneous detection of deficiencies of adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) and hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) activities in human erythrocytes is described. Both enzyme reactions of APRT and HPRT in lysates treated with a charcoal-dextran were(More)
We analyzed and compared the frequency components of the heart rate variability in human neonate, rat, white chicken, turtle, and frog during the developments. Frequency analysis with autocorrelation-FFT method was applied to the heart rate and respiration waves to calculate the respiration induced frequency component in the power spectra. The comparative(More)