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G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can modulate diverse signaling pathways, often in a ligand-specific manner. The full range of functionally relevant GPCR conformations is poorly understood. Here, we use NMR spectroscopy to characterize the conformational dynamics of the transmembrane core of the β(2)-adrenergic receptor (β(2)AR), a prototypical GPCR. We(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are seven-transmembrane proteins that mediate most cellular responses to hormones and neurotransmitters. They are the largest group of therapeutic targets for a broad spectrum of diseases. Recent crystal structures of GPCRs have revealed structural conservation extending from the orthosteric ligand-binding site in the(More)
The pH variation of the kinetic parameters, Vmax and V/K, was examined for the forward and reverse reaction of bovine liver argininosuccinate lyase. In the forward reaction the Vmax profile showed one group that must be unprotonated for activity over the pH range 5-10. The V/K profile for argininosuccinate showed one group that must be unprotonated and two(More)
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