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To elucidate how the size of the expanded CAG repeat of the gene for dentatorubral pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) and other factors affect the atrophy of the brainstem and cerebellum, and the appearance of high-intensity signals on T2-weighted MRI of the cerebral white matter of patients with DRPLA, we quantitatively analyzed the MRI findings of 26 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), whereas its relative HTLV-2 is not associated with any malignancies including ATL. HTLV-1 Tax1 transformed a T-cell line from interleukin (IL)-2-dependent growth to IL-2-independent growth, with an activity that was much more potent in comparison to(More)
Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by various combinations of ataxia, choreoathetosis, myoclonus, epilepsy, and dementia as well as a wide range of ages at onset. A specific unstable trinucleotide repeat expansion in a gene on the short arm of chromosome 12 was recently identified as the(More)
BACKGROUND Gefitinib was the first epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) approved for the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Few treatment options are available for NSCLC patients who have responded to gefitinib treatment and demonstrated tumor progression. The present study was conducted to evaluate(More)
We documented the presence of a point mutation in the tRNA(Lys) gene of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in various postmortem tissues from two patients with myoclonus epilepsy associated with ragged-red fibers (MERRF). The percentages of the mutant mtDNA were similar (93 to 99%) in both clinically affected and unaffected tissues, suggesting that preferential(More)
BACKGROUND While human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia, HTLV type 2 (HTLV-2) is not associated with this malignancy. Accumulating evidence suggests that Tax, a transforming protein of HTLV-1 or HTLV-2, plays a crucial role in the distinctive pathogenesis of these two infections. We herein examined whether(More)
OBJECTIVES Mutational analysis of the sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27) gene was performed on three patients from two Japanese families who had cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) associated with parkinsonism. METHODS Clinical evaluations, brain MRI studies, and laboratory analyses were completed on the three patients. The CYP27 gene was analysed for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ischemic complications after coil embolization of the PcomA aneurysms are not thoroughly understood, especially in cases in which the PcomA is sacrificed. Our purpose was to examine the preoperative angiographic features and pattern of postoperative cerebral infarctions exhibited by patients who underwent embolization of ruptured(More)
INTRODUCTION Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a common immunoglobulin A-mediated vasculitis syndrome in children. Henoch-Schönlein purpura can also affect adults and is probably related to malignancy. CASE PRESENTATION We report the case of a 61-year-old Japanese man who presented for examination after an abnormal shadow was detected by chest radiography. He(More)
Nephrotoxicity is the major side effect that limits the dose of cisplatin that can be safely administered, and it is a clinical problem in cancer patients who received cisplatin combination chemotherapy. Recent evidence has demonstrated that patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of developing acute kidney injury (AKI). The(More)