Rie Ishihara

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Bacteriophages, the viruses that infect bacteria, are the most abundant biological entities in the biosphere and play a key role in global biogeochemical cycling. All T4-type bacteriophage isolates tested so far have a conserved genetic module that encodes the virion components including gene 23 (g23), the major capsid protein. Molecular analysis of the g23(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the selective loss of motor neurons. Recent studies have implicated that chronic hypoxia and insufficient vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-dependent neuroprotection may lead to the degeneration of motor neurons in ALS. Expression of apelin, an endogenous ligand for(More)
Objective. The concentration of flecainide in hair was measured to determine its value as an index of individual drug-taking history. Methods. Hair samples obtained from 15 patients treated with flecainide for more than 1 month were cut into 1-cm-long portions successively from its scalp end. The concentration of flecainide in each hair portion was measured(More)
In the meat industry, correct labeling of beef origins or breed is required to assure quality and safety. This paper describes the development of discrimination markers between Japanese domestic and imported beef from the United States (US) and Australia (AUS) based on a bovine 50K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array using a total of 110 samples:(More)
Microbiological monitoring is important to assure microbiological safety, especially in long-duration space habitation. We have been continuously monitoring the abundance and diversity of bacteria in the International Space Station (ISS)-"Kibo" module to accumulate knowledge on microbes in the ISS. In this study, we used a new sampling device, a(More)
To estimate diversity, seasonal variation, and phylogeny of the cyanobacterial communities in rice straw placed in nylon mesh bags and left on the soil surface of a paddy field, total DNA was extracted from straw, amplified by polymerase chain reaction targeting 16S rRNA genes of cyanobacteria, and the amplicons were separated by denaturing gradient gel(More)
The 3' end of the HCV genome, designated as the 3' X tail, comprises an almost invariant 98-nucleotide sequence containing three highly conserved stem-loop structures (3' SL1, 3' SL2, and 3' SL3). Since these sequences are all critical for the initiation of negative-strand synthesis and essential for viral replication, they are attractive targets for novel(More)
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