Rie Igarashi

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The genome of Aspergillus oryzae, a fungus important for the production of traditional fermented foods and beverages in Japan, has been sequenced. The ability to secrete large amounts of proteins and the development of a transformation system have facilitated the use of A. oryzae in modern biotechnology. Although both A. oryzae and Aspergillus flavus belong(More)
The effectiveness of two inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitors on allergic airway inflammation was investigated under different administration schedules. Rats sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) were exposed to OVA for 3 consecutive days. Both iNOS inhibitors showed markedly different effects between two pretreatment schedules: pretreatment before(More)
We synthesized lecithinized superoxide dismutase (PC-SOD), in which a lecithin derivative was covalently bound to recombinant human SOD. We selected PC4-SOD (4 molecules of the lecithin derivative bound to each SOD dimer) and PC10-SOD (10 molecules of the derivative to each SOD dimer) for our study. Both of these PC-SOD retained SOD activity in vitro and(More)
Transplantation of mature adipocyte-derived cells (dedifferentiated fat cells) led to marked functional recovery from spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced motor dysfunction in rats. When mature adipocytes were isolated from rat adipose tissue and grown in ceiling culture, transformation into fibroblast-like cells without lipid droplets occurred. These(More)
We performed the present study to clarify whether lecithinized superoxide dismutase (PC-SOD) enhanced its pharmacologic potency by increasing its cell membrane affinity. PC-SOD, in which 4 molecules of a phosphatidylcholine (PC) derivative were covalently bound to each dimer of recombinant human CuZn-SOD (rhCuZn-SOD), was shown to have a high membrane(More)
The addition of lecithin molecules to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been reported to markedly enhance its pharmacological effect in vivo. In the current study, we show that lecithinized BDNF (PC-BDNF) has a higher affinity than BDNF for neural precursor cells. Although BDNF only slightly increased the expression of the genes for Mash-1, p35,(More)
Isocarbacyclin, (+)-9(O)-methano-delta 6 (9 alpha)-PGI1 (TEI 7165) and its methyl ester (TEI 9090) were incorporated in lipid microspheres (LM) with a diameter of 0.2 micron, in an attempt to increase their efficacy, possibly by way of targeting the drugs to the site of vascular damage. When the two LM-preparations were incubated in 2% bovine serum albumin(More)
The present study investigated the effect of 4[(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8,-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)carbamoyl] benzoic acid (Am-80), a synthetic retinoid, on spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. Treatment with Am-80 (orally and subcutaneously) significantly promoted recovery from SCI-induced motor dysfunction. On day 28 after injury, the lesion cavity was(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) involves intestinal mucosal damage induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS), in particular, superoxide anion. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) catalyzes dismutation of superoxide anion to hydrogen peroxide, which is subsequently detoxified by catalase. Lecithinized SOD (PC-SOD) is a new modified form of SOD that has overcome previous(More)
We show a novel drug delivery system (DDS) for improved all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) therapy for external treatments of photo-damaged skin. We prepared inorganic-coated atRA nanoparticles, in turn an egg-like structure in nano-scale (Nano-atRA), using boundary-organized reaction droplets. The interfacial properties of organic architectures, in atRA(More)