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The genome of Aspergillus oryzae, a fungus important for the production of traditional fermented foods and beverages in Japan, has been sequenced. The ability to secrete large amounts of proteins and the development of a transformation system have facilitated the use of A. oryzae in modern biotechnology. Although both A. oryzae and Aspergillus flavus belong(More)
We performed the present study to clarify whether lecithinized superoxide dismutase (PC-SOD) enhanced its pharmacologic potency by increasing its cell membrane affinity. PC-SOD, in which 4 molecules of a phosphatidylcholine (PC) derivative were covalently bound to each dimer of recombinant human CuZn-SOD (rhCuZn-SOD), was shown to have a high membrane(More)
We synthesized lecithinized superoxide dismutase (PC-SOD), in which a lecithin derivative was covalently bound to recombinant human SOD. We selected PC4-SOD (4 molecules of the lecithin derivative bound to each SOD dimer) and PC10-SOD (10 molecules of the derivative to each SOD dimer) for our study. Both of these PC-SOD retained SOD activity in vitro and(More)
PC-SOD (lecithinized superoxide dismutase) is a derivative of human Cu, Zn-SOD conjugated with 4 molecules of lecithin, yet having the enzyme activity of scavenging superoxide anion (O2-). Intravenous administration of PC-SOD promoted the recovery from spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced motor dysfunction in a dose-dependent manner in rat model, when evaluated(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) involves intestinal mucosal damage induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS), in particular, superoxide anion. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) catalyzes dismutation of superoxide anion to hydrogen peroxide, which is subsequently detoxified by catalase. Lecithinized SOD (PC-SOD) is a new modified form of SOD that has overcome previous(More)
Biodegradable poly D,L-lactic acid (PLA, molecular weight: ca. 5000) microcapsules containing a CXCR4 antagonist (4F-benzoyl-TE14011) were prepared (4F-benzoyl-TE14011-PLA), and their anti-metastatic activity was evaluated in mice. A single subcutaneous administration of 4F-benzoyl-TE14011-PLA significantly reduced the number of colonies formed by pulmonary(More)
The effectiveness of two inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitors on allergic airway inflammation was investigated under different administration schedules. Rats sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) were exposed to OVA for 3 consecutive days. Both iNOS inhibitors showed markedly different effects between two pretreatment schedules: pretreatment before(More)
PURPOSE We recently developed prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1))-encapsulated nanoparticles, prepared with a poly(lactide) homopolymer (PLA, Mw = 17,500) and monomethoxy poly(ethyleneglycol)-PLA block copolymer (PEG-PLA) (NP-L20). In this study, we tested whether the accelerated blood clearance (ABC) phenomenon is observed with NP-L20 and other PEG-modified(More)
We investigated the controlled release of human insulin at an initial stage from poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA, M(w) 6600) spherical matrices. PLGA microcapsules were prepared by the novel solvent evaporation multiple emulsion process. When the crystalline insulin was dispersed in dichloromethane as solid-in-oil (S/O) dispersion, it was found that(More)
The success of targeting systems to alveolar macrophages critically depends on internalization into these cells for pharmacological intervention. Direct respiratory delivery via inhalation of mannose modified liposomal carriers to alveolar macrophages is of great interest. To evaluate the targeting efficiency to alveolar macrophages by intratracheal(More)