Rico Czaja

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Although ribonuclease T1 (RNase T1) is one of the best-characterized proteins with respect to structure and enzymatic action, numerous attempts at altering the specificity of the enzyme to cleave single-stranded RNA at the 3'-side of adenylic instead of guanylic residues by rational approaches have failed so far. Recently we generated and characterized the(More)
All RNA types are susceptible to ribonuclease (RNase) digestion, which might be a serious problem for several in vitro and in vivo applications. RNase resistance can be reached through chemical modifications or the selection of stable secondary structures via SELEX (systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment). This chapter focuses on the(More)
This work describes the formation of transformation products (TPs) by the enzymatic degradation at laboratory scale of two highly consumed antibiotics: tetracycline (Tc) and erythromycin (ERY). The analysis of the samples was carried out by a fast and simple method based on the novel configuration of the on-line turbulent flow system coupled to a hybrid(More)
Attempts to alter the guanine specificity of ribonuclease T1 (RNase T1) by rational or random mutagenesis have failed so far. The RNase T1 variant RV (Lys41Glu, Tyr42Phe, Asn43Arg, Tyr45Trp, and Glu46Asn) designed by combination of a random and a rational mutagenesis approach, however, exhibits a stronger preference toward adenosine residues than wild-type(More)
Sustainable production of high valuable chemicals is of increasing ecological and economical importance. Highly specific customized enzymes with improved performance tailored for particular requirements are still in high demand. Combining the enormous potential of natural diversity with the ability to design highly representative (meta)genomic libraries(More)
The three Actinobacteria strains Streptomyces platensis DSM 40041, Pseudonocardia autotrophica DSM 535, and Streptomyces fradiae DSM 40063 were described to selectively oxyfunctionalize several drugs. Here, we present their draft genomes to unravel their gene sets encoding promising cytochrome P450 monooxygenases associated with the generation of drug(More)
Ribonuclease T1 is an enzyme that cleaves single-stranded RNA with high specificity after guanylyl residues. Although this enzyme is a very good characterized protein with respect to structure and enzymatic function, we were only recently successful in generating RNase T1-RV, a variant where the specificity was changed from guanine to purine. As this change(More)
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