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This paper describes the design, deployment, and empirical evaluation of WIISARD - a novel emergency response system that provides reliable communication in dynamic wireless environments without extensive communication infrastructure. The main contribution of this paper is an in-depth empirical study of network properties that emerge during a drill in which(More)
WIISARD utilizes wireless technology to improve the care of victims following a mass casualty disaster. The WIISARD Scene Manager device (WSM) is designed to enhance the collection and accessibility of real-time data on victims, ambulances and hospitals for disaster supervisors and managers. We recently deployed WSM during a large-scale disaster exercise.(More)
The WIISARD disaster response patient tracking program that allows for improved process flow, communication, and patient care using sophisticated wireless technology to coordinate and enhance the care of mass casualties in terrorist attacks or natural disasters. The MICN device has been developed as the link between the Base Station Mobile Intensive Care(More)
Emergency responses require the coordination of first responders to assess the condition of victims, stabilize their condition, and transport them to hospitals based on the severity of their injuries. WIISARD is a system designed to facilitate the collection of medical information and its reliable dissemination during emergency responses. A key challenge in(More)
INTRODUCTION During a pandemic influenza, emergency departments will be overwhelmed with a large influx of patients seeking care. Although all hospitals should have a written plan for dealing with this surge of health care utilization, most hospitals struggle with ways to educate the staff and practice for potentially catastrophic events. Hypothesis/Problem(More)
We conducted an unblinded experimental comparative trial during a disaster drill involving DMATs using the WIISARD system and traditional paper tracking of casualties. We shadowed the paper work flow to collect data on 40 victims tracked by both systems. WIISARD captured patients as well as the paper system. However, WIISARDwas superior at tracking patient(More)
WIISARD (Wireless Internet Information System for Medical Response to Disasters) utilizes wireless technology to improve medical care at mass casualty disasters. An important component of WIISARD is geolocation tracking of field personnel at the disaster site. Accurate, real-time information on personnel has the potential to improve resource utilization at(More)
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