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Caloric restriction (CR), without malnutrition, delays aging and extends life span in diverse species; however, its effect on resistance to illness and mortality in primates has not been clearly established. We report findings of a 20-year longitudinal adult-onset CR study in rhesus monkeys aimed at filling this critical gap in aging research. In a(More)
While common marmosets are increasingly used as alternative primate models in biomedical research, their life history, specialized behavior and unique physiology are not well known. This paper describes important marmoset attributes that are particularly relevant for biomedical research, including reproduction, neurobiology, immunology, endocrine signaling,(More)
BACKGROUND Endometriosis occurs in several non-human primate species that have menstrual cycles. This study investigated the prevalence and familial aggregation of endometriosis in one of those species, the rhesus macaque. METHODS Between 1978 and 2001, 142 animals with endometriosis were identified from necropsy and surgical records and through the use(More)
Rhesus macaques on a calorie restricted diet (CR) develop less age-related disease, have virtually no indication of diabetes, are protected against sarcopenia, and potentially live longer. Beneficial effects of caloric restriction likely include reductions in age-related inflammation and oxidative damage. Oligodendrocytes are particularly susceptible to(More)
BACKGROUND Heightened stress reactivity is associated with hippocampal atrophy, age-related cognitive deficits, and increased risk for Alzheimer's disease. This temperament predisposition may aggravate age-associated brain pathology or be reflective of it. This association may be mediated through repeated activation of the stress hormone axis over time.(More)
Caloric restriction (CR) without malnutrition increases longevity and delays the onset of age-associated disorders in short-lived species, from unicellular organisms to laboratory mice and rats. The value of CR as a tool to understand human ageing relies on translatability of CR's effects in primates. Here we show that CR significantly improves age-related(More)
Caloric restriction (CR) reduces the pathological effects of aging and extends the lifespan in many species, including nonhuman primates, although the effect on the brain is less well characterized. We used two common indicators of aging, motor performance speed and brain iron deposition measured in vivo using MRI, to determine the potential effect of CR on(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of early-gestational androgen excess on adult body fat distribution in female rhesus monkeys. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Six midreproductive-aged, adult female rhesus monkeys that were exposed to androgen excess started during the first one-third of gestation were pair-matched to control(More)
Estrogen-depletion bone-loss studies often use ovariectomized (ovx) rats and measure bone mineral density in vivo or ex vivo using DXA. Recently, a portable densitometer (PIXImus) was developed for mouse research; however, its use in rats is unclear. This study compared the ability of PIXImus and a standard densitometer (DPXL) to detect ovx-induced bone(More)
Age-associated skeletal muscle mass loss curtails quality of life and may contribute to defects in metabolic homeostasis in older persons. The onset of sarcopenia occurs in middle age in rhesus macaques although the trigger has yet to be identified. Here, we show that a shift in metabolism occurs in advance of the onset of sarcopenia in rhesus vastus(More)