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Variability modeling is essential for defining and managing the commonalities and variabilities in software product lines. Numerous variability modeling approaches exist today to support domain and application engineering activities. Most are based on feature modeling (FM) or decision modeling (DM), but so far no systematic comparison exists between these(More)
Understanding and modeling architectural variability is fundamental in product line engineering. Various extensions have been proposed to architecture description languages (ADLs) to deal with variability. Although these extensions are useful, we argue in this paper that decisions need to be treated as first-class citizens for modeling architectural(More)
The variability of a product line is typically defined in models. However, many existing variability modeling approaches are rigid and don’t allow sufficient domain-specific adaptations. We have thus been developing a flexible and extensible approach for defining product line variability models. Its main purposes are to guide stakeholders through product(More)
It has been shown that product line engineering can significantly improve the productivity, quality and time-to-market of software development by leveraging extensive reuse. Variability models are currently the most advanced approach to define, document and manage the commonalities and variabilities of reusable artifacts such as software components,(More)
The scale and complexity of product lines means that it is practically infeasible to develop a single model of the entire system, regardless of the languages or notations used. The dynamic nature of real-world systems means that product line models need to evolve continuously to meet new customer requirements and to reflect changes of product line(More)
Product derivation is the process of constructing products from the core assets in a product line. Guidance and support are needed to increase efficiency and to deal with the complexity of product derivation. Research has, however, devoted comparatively little attention to this process. In this paper we describe an approach for supporting product(More)
The complexity of product line variability models makes it hard to maintain their consistency over time regardless of the modeling approach used. Engineers thus need support for detecting and resolving inconsistencies. We describe experiences of applying a tool-supported approach for incremental consistency checking on variability models. Our approach(More)
Product line engineering comprises many heterogeneous activities such as capturing the variability of reusable assets, supporting the derivation of products from the product line, evolving the product line, or tailoring the approach to the specifics of a domain. The inherent complexity of product lines implicates that tool support is inevitable to(More)
Developers of software engineering tools are facing high expectations regarding capabilities and usability. Users expect tools tailored to their specific needs and integrated in their working environment. This increases tools' complexity and complicates their customization and deployment despite available mechanisms for adaptability and extensibility. A(More)