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Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a recent advance in neuroimaging that provides a picture of brain activity with excellent spatial resolution. Current methods used to evaluate canine vision are poorly standardized and vulnerable to bias. Functional MRI may represent a valuable method of testing vision in dogs if the impacts of anesthesia on(More)
A homogeneous, single-tube scintillation proximity radioimmunoassay (SPRIA) to quantitate acyclovir (Zovirax), ACV, (9-[(2[hydroxyethoxy)]methylguanine)] in human plasma is described. The reagents for the SPRIA are an anti-ACV monoclonal antibody (WACO4 MAb), tritiated ACV, and scintillation proximity reagent (goat anti-mouse immunoglobulin G (IgG) coupled(More)
OBJECTIVE Many conventional rehabilitation exercises, such as pencil-and-paper and computer tasks, may not train perceptual and motor skills as applied to a complex, multiskill activity such as driving. The present study examined the usefulness of the Dynavision apparatus for driving-related rehabilitation. The Dynavision was designed to train visual(More)
A simple and sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection and quantitation of acyclovir in human plasma and urine was developed. Acyclovir immobilized on a solid phase and free acyclovir in the sample solution were allowed to compete for a limited amount of anti-acyclovir monoclonal antibody. The specific antibody bound to the immobilized(More)
The neuroanatomy of the mammalian visual system has received considerable attention through electrophysiological study of cats and non-human primates, and through neuroimaging of humans. Canine neuroanatomy, however, has received much less attention, limiting our understanding of canine vision and visual pathways. As an early step in applying blood(More)
Zidovudine was present in the semen and serum of six patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or the related complex who were receiving 200 mg of the drug orally every four to six hours. Mean semen zidovudine levels (as measured by a new radioimmunoassay) in samples collected 0.75 to 1.25 hours after oral dosing were 3.63 to 7.19 mumol/L. Levels in(More)
Zidovudine (3'-azido-3'deoxythymidine, AZT, Retrovir) is the first antiretroviral drug to demonstrate clinical efficacy for symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus infection. In a large, placebo-controlled trial, nausea and hematologic toxicity, but not fever, occurred more frequently in zidovudine- than in placebo-treated patients. However, in an open(More)
We developed an ancillary procedure for the ZDV-Trac RIA (Incstar) to allow simultaneous determination of both zidovudine (3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine, ZDV, AZT, Retrovir) and its metabolite, the glucuronide of ZDV (3'-azido-3'-deoxy-5'-O-beta-D-glucopyranuronosylthymidine, ZDVG, GAZT), in human serum and urine. Using the ZDV-Trac RIA, we measured ZDV(More)