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The apicomplexan parasite Cryptosporidium parvum is a major cause of serious diarrheal disease in both humans and animals. No efficacious chemo- or immunotherapies have been identified for cryptosporidiosis, but certain antibodies directed against zoite surface antigens and/or proteins shed by gliding zoites have been shown to neutralize infectivity in(More)
Trypanosomes use trans splicing to place a common 39-nucleotide spliced-leader sequence on the 5' ends of all of their mRNAs. To identify likely participants in this reaction, we used antiserum directed against the characteristic U RNA 2,2,7-trimethylguanosine (TMG) cap to immunoprecipitate six candidate U RNAs from total trypanosome RNA. Genomic Southern(More)
In order to define transmission routes of cryptosporidiosis and develop markers that distinguish Cryptosporidium parvum isolates, we have identified 2 polymorphic restriction enzyme sites in a C. parvum repetitive DNA sequence. The target sequence was amplified by polymerase chain reaction from 100 to 500 oocysts and the amplified product was subjected to(More)
We have previously identified a 28-kDa cysteine proteinase of Plasmodium falciparum trophozoites that appears to be an essential malarial hemoglobinase and a potential target for antimalarial chemotherapy. The trophozoite cysteine proteinase (TCP) shares a number of biochemical properties with the lysosomal cysteine proteinase cathepsin L. To isolate the(More)
Many methodological issues exist in human laboratory research with smoked cocaine-base that include safety, precision of dose delivery of smoked cocaine, and the lack of an adequate placebo. All of these issues are particularly apparent with studies involving multiple doses of cocaine. Addressing these concerns is important in conducting parametric studies(More)
We have determined the nucleic acid sequences of a gene encoding the bifunctional enzyme dihydrofolate reductase-thymidylate synthase (DHFR-TS) from bovine and human AIDS isolates of Cryptosporidium parvum. THe DHFR-TS gene was isolated from genomic DNA libraries by hybridization with a probe amplified from C. parvum genomic DNA using generic TS primers in(More)
We report the identification of the product of the Plasmodium falciparum Pf11-1 gene and demonstrate that it is a gametocyte-specific protein that has a potential role in the rupture of the host erythrocyte and emergence of the gametes (gametogenesis). The Pf11-1 gene is a large locus (30 kb) whose sequence predicts a glutamic acid-rich polypeptide. Our(More)
Cryptosporidium parvum, a zoonotic Apicomplexan pathogen, causes profound diarrhea, malnutrition, and dehydration in patients with AIDS. A less severe, self-limited disease occurs in immunocompetent individuals, particularly children, animal handlers, and residents of the developing world. Very little is known about the biology of the organism, the(More)
A 5'-terminal leader sequence of 35 nucleotides was found to be present on multiple trypanosome RNAs. Based on its representation in cDNA libraries, we estimate that many, if not all, trypanosome mRNAs contain this leader. This same leader was originally identified on mRNAs encoding the molecules responsible for antigenic variation, variant surface(More)
A structurally diverse library of 93 lipophilic di- and tricyclic diaminopyrimidine derivatives was tested for the ability to inhibit recombinant dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) cloned from human and bovine isolates of Cryptosporidium parvum (J. R. Vásquez et al., Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 79:153-165, 1996). In parallel, the library was also tested against(More)