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The objective of this study was to identify variables that predict higher eating disorder scores in non-clinical boys and girls ages 6 through 14. Two hundred sixteen children participated and were tested annually for 3 years. A TV-video procedure was used to measure the accuracy of body size judgments. Variables examined included demographic, familial,(More)
Body size distortion of anorectic and bulimic subjects was compared to controls via a video-distortion technique. Subjects judged the whole body, chest, hips and stomach regions. A adaptive probit estimation (APE) methodology examined separately the sensory and nonsensory components of body image distortion. Eating disorder subjects overestimated body size(More)
Body image in anorexic and normal weight female subjects was investigated with a video TV monitor. Eighteen subjects were presented with a task in which they manipulated their body size to obtain "ideal" and actual images and a task wherein they judged the accuracy of a projected image of their body. There were no differences in estimated actual body size(More)
Body size overestimation is a fundamental feature in anorexia nervosa (AN). The extent or even existence of body size overestimation in AN is controversial. The most recent review (Farrell et al., 2005) found that only half the studies reported overestimation of body size in individuals diagnosed with AN. The remaining studies found no overestimation or in(More)
This paper discusses methodological concerns of using silhouette figures to measure body images. These include concerns related to scale coarseness (limiting response options to one of a finite number of drawings), restriction of range, method of presentation, and scale of measurement. Recommendations are made to address these limitations, and an(More)
This study investigated Amazon.com's website Mechanical Turk (MTurk) as a research tool for measuring body size estimation and dissatisfaction. 160 U.S. participants completed the BIAS-BD figural drawing scale and demographic questions posted on the MTurk website. The BIAS-BD consists of 17 drawings of various male and female body sizes based on(More)
This study reports the development and validation of two new and improved tools for assessment of body-image. Two schematic contour scales were created using a frontal view photograph of an adult male and female with height and weight of the median American. A 2-figure analogue scale was created by distorting this drawing by +/- 30%. A 13-card scale was(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this double-blind, placebo-controlled exploratory pilot study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of risperidone for the treatment of anorexia nervosa. METHOD Forty female subjects 12 to 21 years of age (mean, 16 years) with primary anorexia nervosa in an eating disorders program were randomized to receive risperidone (n = 18)(More)
An individual's body image consists of both a perceptual and an attitudinal (subjective) component. Methodological issues relative to the measurement of the perceptual component of body image are discussed. Traditionally, research in body image has employed psychophysical techniques and analyses which confound these two components. Psychophysical techniques(More)
Misconceptions exist about the ability of classical psychophysical techniques to measure separately the sensory and nonsensory (response bias) factors in a discrimination task. The views of the early researchers in psychophysics are reviewed. The manner in which the method of constant stimuli gives separate measures of sensory sensitivity and response bias(More)