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Body size distortion of anorectic and bulimic subjects was compared to controls via a video-distortion technique. Subjects judged the whole body, chest, hips and stomach regions. A adaptive probit estimation (APE) methodology examined separately the sensory and nonsensory components of body image distortion. Eating disorder subjects overestimated body size(More)
The objective of this study was to identify variables that predict higher eating disorder scores in non-clinical boys and girls ages 6 through 14. Two hundred sixteen children participated and were tested annually for 3 years. A TV-video procedure was used to measure the accuracy of body size judgments. Variables examined included demographic, familial,(More)
Body size overestimation is a fundamental feature in anorexia nervosa (AN). The extent or even existence of body size overestimation in AN is controversial. The most recent review (Farrell et al., 2005) found that only half the studies reported overestimation of body size in individuals diagnosed with AN. The remaining studies found no overestimation or in(More)
Body image in anorexic and normal weight female subjects was investigated with a video TV monitor. Eighteen subjects were presented with a task in which they manipulated their body size to obtain "ideal" and actual images and a task wherein they judged the accuracy of a projected image of their body. There were no differences in estimated actual body size(More)
Educators in psychiatry face an important challenge in deciding what quantitative skills to teach and where in the educational agenda to teach them. One strategy is to focus the quantitative training of psychiatrists on techniques they need to be effective consumers of their literature. The authors catalogued the statistical methods described in 15 major(More)
Characteristics of mania describe individuals who are human counterparts of "alpha" members of nonhuman species. Depressive characteristics described low rank or "omega" persons. These similarities provided initial support for a model of manic-depressive disorder that hypothesizes these bipolar states to be (1) basically identical to an organismic state(More)
The Mattis Dementia Rating Scale (MDRS) was developed to determine the degree of cortical deficit in those individuals with extremely low scores on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) and the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS). The purpose of this study was to potentiate the usefulness of this rating scale by determining its internal reliability when(More)
Perception of body size was recorded for 63 university students (M age = 25.3 yr., 41 women) who estimated their own body size using three methods. Using the method of adjustment, subjects over- or underestimated their body size. A signal-detection analysis indicated that subjects were sensitive to detecting a 4% distortion in body size and that there was(More)
Eye movements of 20 male and 20 female obese and nonobese subjects were monitored during two body-size estimation tasks using a computer-based video technology. Analysis indicated no differences in body-size estimation between subjects using the staircase method. All subjects slightly underestimated body size; however, obese subjects were more sensitive(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this double-blind, placebo-controlled exploratory pilot study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of risperidone for the treatment of anorexia nervosa. METHOD Forty female subjects 12 to 21 years of age (mean, 16 years) with primary anorexia nervosa in an eating disorders program were randomized to receive risperidone (n = 18)(More)