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Molecular definition of the cellular receptor for the collagen domain of C1q has been elusive. We now report that C1q binds specifically to human CR1 (CD35), the leukocyte C3b/C4b receptor, and the receptor on erythrocytes for opsonized immune complexes. Biotinylated or radioiodinated C1q (*C1q) bound specifically to transfected K562 cells expressing cell(More)
Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) has been reported to confer on the C3b receptor (CR1) of neutrophils a capacity for phagocytosis of particles bearing C3b without the involvement of other membrane receptors. In the present study, we employed a monoclonal antibody, YZ-1, that is specific for CR1 to assess the effect of PMA on plasma membrane expression of(More)
Monoclonal antibodies were produced against bovine lymphoid cells. The reactivities of the antibodies for membrane determinants were examined on both cell suspensions and cryostat tissue sections prepared from bovine blood, thymus, spleen and lymph nodes. The antibodies were putatively grouped into sets which reacted with monomorphic and polymorphic(More)
A model for pulmonary fibrosis in the rat has been developed using intratracheal administration of bleomycin. The histopathologic features of the reaction are similar to those reported in the hamster model. Increases in vascular permeability are seen in the lung within 24 hours and persist over a 2-month period. Extractable collagen, as measured by(More)
Leukotriene (LT) C4 synthase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conjugation of LTA4 with reduced glutathione to form LTC4, was purified to homogeneity from the KG-1 myeloid cell line after solubilization of the microsomes utilizing a combination of 0.4% sodium deoxycholate and 0.4% Triton X-102. The solubilized enzyme was then applied to an(More)
Previous studies have shown that human sperm that have undergone the acrosome reaction express a unique tissue-specific variant of the complement component 3 (C3)-binding molecule membrane cofactor protein (MCP, CD46) and that damaged or dead sperm activate the alternative pathway of complement and bind C3 catabolites. In this study we provide evidence that(More)
We have studied omphalopagus conjoined twins with a diamniotic monochorionic placenta. Although conjoined twins usually present in a single amniotic sac, one other example of diamniotic placenta has been reported in omphalopagus twins [Weston et al., 1990: Am J Med Genet 37:558-561]. Most theories concerning the pathogenesis of conjoined twinning exclude(More)
Human peripheral blood polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) have been considered to be capable of little if any protein biosynthesis. We evaluated the ability of PMN to synthesize both mRNA and proteins. Using in vitro [35S]methionine pulse-chase labeling of purified PMN, followed by immunoprecipitation of cell lysates with immobilized mAb and analysis by(More)
The human C3b/C4b receptor (CR1) is a polymorphic glycoprotein that is expressed on erythrocytes, leukocytes and glomerular podocytes. Further structural analysis and molecular genetic studies would be facilitated by the availability of relatively larger amounts of purified CR1. Milligram quantities of CR1 were purified from erythrocyte membranes(More)
To identify possible secretory determinants of impaired hyperadherence and stimulated migration of neonatal granulocytes (NGs), we performed correlative studies of: (a) specific granule content and exocytosis, (b) secretago-gue-mediated upregulation of f-met-leu-phe (fMLP) receptors, (c) the chemotactic induction of the adhesive glycoproteins Mac-1 alpha(More)