Rick Hammer

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Apolipoprotein B (apoB) is a large glycoprotein that circulates in plasma as a major constituent of numerous lipoproteins. ApoB exists in two forms: apoB48 and apoB100. ApoB48 is identical in sequence to the N-terminal region of apoB100 and is generated by sequence-specific mRNA editing of the apoB100 transcript. Here, we describe the development of a line(More)
A novel metabolite, alpha-phenyl-gamma-butyfolactone has been isolated in urine samples of patients severely intoxicated by either glutethimide, phenobarbital, or primidone. This lactone was prepared synthetically and its spectral data and chromatographic properties were compared to those data obtained from the urine samples of drug overdosed victims. The(More)
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) has been associated with recurrent pregnancy loss. The exact pathophysiologic mechanism in unclear but may be associated with an imbalance in the prostacyclin/ thromboxane ratio, which results in vasoconstriction and platelet aggregation. Antiphospholipid syndrome is diagnosed through laboratory tests and clinical assessment.(More)
Soft drug analogs of methscopolamine (4 a-c) were tested for mydriatic activity in rabbits' eyes. After unilateral administration of equieffective doses, the AUC24hrs and the mydriatic recovery times were found to be significantly lower with the soft drugs compared to methscopolamine. At equieffective doses, the AUC24hrs for soft drugs ranged from 22.4% to(More)
The avian pineal gland contains both circadian oscillators and photoreceptors to produce rhythms in biosynthesis of the hormone melatonin in vivo and in vitro. The molecular mechanisms for melatonin biosynthesis are largely understood, but the mechanisms driving the rhythm itself or the photoreceptive processes that entrain the rhythm are unknown. We have(More)
The concepts involved in the design of 'soft' drugs (drugs which, after achieving their therapeutic role, are metabolised in a predictable manner and at a controlled rate to non-toxic moieties) have been further applied in the case of atropine. Selected aliphatic and cycloaliphatic esters of a hypothetical, inactive acidic metabolite of atropine were(More)