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OBJECTIVE Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been reported to be as effective as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for major depression. The authors conducted a multicenter randomized, controlled trial to test the equivalence of rTMS with ECT. METHOD Forty-six patients with major depression referred for ECT were randomly assigned to(More)
BACKGROUND Negative symptoms in schizophrenia are associated with deficits in executive function and frequently prove highly resistant to neuroleptic medication. Using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to activate the prefrontal cortex has been suggested as a treatment for negative symptoms. METHODS We performed a double-blind randomized(More)
BACKGROUND Effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for major depression is unclear. The authors performed a randomized controlled trial comparing real and sham adjunctive rTMS with 4-month follow-up. METHOD Fifty-nine patients with major depression were randomly assigned to a 10-day course of either real (n=29) or sham (n=30)(More)
BACKGROUND Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has a long history of use in treating depression. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been introduced more recently to the treatment spectrum. Its cost-effectiveness has not been explored. METHOD Forty-six right-handed people with severe depressive episodes referred for ECT were randomised to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) was as effective as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in treating major depressive episodes and to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis. DESIGN A single-blind pragmatic multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT) with 6 months of follow-up to test equivalence of rTMS with(More)
Managing patients with first-episode schizophrenia is a challenging task for psychiatrists. Early diagnosis and effective intervention are vital to achieving long-term positive clinical outcomes among first-episode patients. Although these patients are the most responsive to treatment, they are also more susceptible to adverse events. The efficacy and(More)
A number of prisoners use drugs. Limited information is available about the extent to which urban and urban substance abusers differ in their drug use in criminal justice settings. In addition, many believe that rural areas are protected from drug use. However, findings from this study show only marginally statistical significant differences in drug use(More)
The aim of the current study was to conduct a qualitative investigation of attitudes to work among people diagnosed with clinical depression. It was of particular interest to understand the role played by illness in attitudes to recovery. The economic and social burden of adult depression on society is becoming increasingly apparent. It has been argued that(More)
The aim of the study was to examine the effect of contingent monetary reinforcement and enhanced instructions on Span of Apprehension (SPAN) performance in a group of young people with early onset psychosis. Twenty-five participants (mean age 16.7) received a 3- and 12-letter version of the SPAN task six times: baseline, three x intervention, post-test, and(More)
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