Richonda Ross

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We have used young pigs, each prepared surgically with a Thiry-Vella loop of proximal small intestine, to study the time course of changes in the intestinal absorption of calcium, phosphate, sodium, glucose and water and on the plasma levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D after treatment of the animals with glucocorticoids. Perfusion of the intestinal loop for(More)
The relationship between the concentration of phosphate in plasma and parotid saliva was studied in six conscious sheep and a goat, either intact or thyroparathyroidectomized (t.x.p.t.x.), under conditions designed to minimize marked fluctuations in flow rate of saliva. A linear relationship between acutely induced changes in plasma phosphate concentration(More)
AbstractAim:We tested the hypothesis that bradykinin (BK)-induced relaxation of phe-nylephrine (PE) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) contractions can be differentially modulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS).Methods:Aortic rings isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the study. The contribution of ROS to PE (1×10−9−1×10−5 mol/L)- and ET-1 (1×10−10−1×10−8(More)
We sought to detect the presence of receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] in placental tissues of five late gestational pregnant sheep and to quantitate their biochemical properties and abundance. Cytosol prepared from cotyledonary tissue was found to contain two [3H]-1,25(OH)2D3 binding macromolecules that sedimented at 3.2 S and 4.1 S,(More)
Betamethasone (50 micrograms/kg body weight/day) given to young pigs reduced calcium absorption, growth and plasma vitamin D dependent calcium binding protein (CaBP) concentration. No changes occurred in plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) and intestinal CaBP concentrations. 1,25(OH)2D3 (0.1 microgram/kg body weight/day) given with betamethasone(More)
Twenty-four young pigs were divided into three groups and each fed a replete, low calcium (Ca) or low phosphorus (P) diet. It was found that the deficient diets induced rises in renal 25 hydroxy-vitamin D 1,hydroxylase (1-hydroxylase) activity, circulating 1,25 dihydroxy-vitamin D3 (1,25 (OH)2-D3) and Ca binding protein (CaBP) and intestinal 1,25(OH)2D3 and(More)
Severe dietary calcium (Ca) or phosphorus (P) deficiency leads to a similar degree of stimulation of plasma and intestinal 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol) levels and intestinal Ca absorption. In contrast, P depletion causes a much smaller increase in the renal 25-hydroxycholecalciferol-1-hydroxylase enzyme activity than does Ca depletion. To test(More)
Acute studies have been carried out with pregnant sows and their fetuses during the last 2 weeks of gestation. In blood samples obtained simultaneously it was shown that the concentrations of ionized calcium, calcitonin and parathyroid hormone (PTH) in fetal plasma were all greater than the corresponding values in maternal plasma. In contrast, the fetal(More)
Placental perfusions were carried out in six ewes during the last two weeks of gestation. Perfusions were carried out using autologous fetal blood and the flow rates adjusted to give a perfusion pressure of 50--70 mmHg. Perfusion plasma calcium concentrations rose steadily throughout the perfusions achieving a mean increase of 1.65 mmol/1 above initial(More)