Richmond W. Jeremy

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BACKGROUND The occurrence of myocyte necrosis during reperfusion of ischemic myocardium is controversial. This study measured myocardial 2-deoxyglucose uptake, correlated with histology, to determine whether loss of viability occurred during reperfusion of ischemic myocardium. METHODS AND RESULTS In 12 anesthetized dogs, the left anterior descending(More)
This study examined the hypothesis that glycolysis is required for functional recovery of the myocardium during reperfusion by facilitating restoration of calcium homeostasis. [Ca2+]i was measured in isolated perfused rabbit hearts by using the Ca2+ indicator 1,2-bis(2-amino-5-fluorophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (5F-BAPTA) and 19F nuclear(More)
Quantitation of myocardial perfusion with thallium-201 (201Tl) SPECT is limited by finite resolution and image noise. This study examined whether Wiener filtering could improve quantitation of the severity of myocardial perfusion deficits. In 19 anesthetized dogs, adjustable stenoses were placed on the left anterior descending (LAD, n = 12) or circumflex(More)
Glycolysis normally provides only a small fraction of myocardial ATP production, but ATP from glycolysis may be preferentially used to support membrane activities such as ion pumping. Since ion homeostasis is disturbed during ischemia, glycolysis may be particularly important in the recovery of postischemic myocardium. This hypothesis was investigated in(More)
Reperfusion of ischemic myocardium may accelerate necrosis of injured myocytes. To determine the role of neutrophil leukocytes in this process, we examined whether neutrophil depletion during reperfusion could modify infarct size in anesthetized dogs. The proximal circumflex coronary artery was occluded for 90 minutes and then reperfused for 2 hours via an(More)
Recent evidence suggests that oxygen free radicals generated during ischemia or reperfusion may contribute to myocardial dysfunction after brief coronary occlusion ("myocardial stunning"). Because neutrophil leukocytes represent a potential source of oxygen radicals, the concept of whether depletion of neutrophils could attenuate myocardial stunning after(More)
Rates of acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart disease in Aboriginal people, Torres Strait Islanders and Māori continue to be unacceptably high. The impact of rheumatic heart disease is inequitable on these populations as compared with other Australians and New Zealanders. The associated cardiac morbidity, including the development of rheumatic(More)
Nitric oxide (NO)-mediated and NO-independent mechanisms of endothelium-dependent vasodilatation involve Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) (K(Ca)) channels. We examined the role in vivo of K(Ca) channels in NO-independent vasodilatation in hypercholesterolemia. Hindlimb vascular conductance was measured at rest and after aortic injection of ACh, bradykinin (BK), and(More)
Increased cardiac output in pregnancy is associated with cardiac remodeling and possible reduction in contractility, which may worsen in preeclampsia. Left ventricular (LV) geometry and function were compared between nonpregnant controls (n = 12) and normotensive (n = 44) and preeclamptic (n = 15) pregnant women using echocardiography. Load-independent(More)