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Although [Cl(-)](i) regulates many cellular functions including cell secretion, the mechanisms governing these actions are not known. We have previously shown that the apical membrane of airway epithelium contains a 37-kDa phosphoprotein (p37) whose phosphorylation is regulated by chloride concentration. Using metal affinity (chelating Fe(3+)-Sepharose) and(More)
We have previously shown that nucleotide species (adenosine triphosphate [ATP] or guanosine triphosphate [GTP]), [Cl-], and anion species determine the steady-state phosphorylation of apical membrane proteins within human airway epithelium in vitro. We found that a Cl(-)-regulated 37-kD protein (p37) principally phosphorylated with GTP but not ATP as(More)
Nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK, NM23/awd) belongs to a multifunctional family of highly conserved proteins (approximately 16-20 kDa) containing two well-characterized isoforms (NM23-H1 and -H2; also known as NDPK A and B). NDPK catalyses the conversion of nucleoside diphosphates into nucleoside triphosphates, regulates a diverse array of cellular(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) results from mutations within the cystic fibrosis transmembrane-conductance regulator (CFTR) protein. The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a heterotrimer composed of different isoforms of the alphabetagamma subunits, where the alpha1 catalytic subunit binds CFTR. Nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK, NM23/awd) converts nucleoside(More)
We describe how cations, in the presence of ATP, regulate the phosphorylated form of 19- and 21-kDa nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK; EC 2.7.4.6), a kinase controlling K+ channels, G proteins, cell secretion, cellular energy production, and UTP synthesis. In apically enriched human nasal epithelial membranes, 10 mM Na+ inhibits phosphorylation of NDPK(More)
This review integrates recent understanding of a novel role for NDPK-A in two related directions: Firstly, its role in an airway epithelial cell when bound to the luminal (apical) membrane and secondly in the cytosol of many different cells (epithelial and non-epithelial) where an isoform-specific interaction occurs with a regulatory partner, AMPKalpha1.(More)
Annexin A2 and S100A10 proteins form a heterotetrameric complex and belong to different families of Ca(2+)-binding proteins. Annexins are non-EF-hand-type Ca(2+)-binding proteins that exhibit Ca(2+)-dependent binding to phospholipids and membranes in various tissues. They have been implicated in many Ca(2+)-regulated processes, including regulation of(More)
We have shown that proteins within apically enriched fractions of human nasal respiratory epithelium vary their phosphohistidine content with ambient [Cl–] and other anion concentrations. This membrane-delimited phosphorylation cascade includes a multifunctional protein histidine kinase – nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK). NDPK is itself a cascade(More)
Cystic fibrosis results from mutations in the cystic fibrosis conductance regulator protein (CFTR), a cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) and ATP-regulated Cl(-) channel. CFTR is increasingly recognized as a component of multiprotein complexes and although several inhibitory proteins to CFTR have been identified, protein complexes that stimulate CFTR function(More)
The formation of a heterotetrameric complex between annexin 2 (anx 2) and S100A10 plays an important role in regulating the cellular distribution and biochemical properties of anx 2. A major distinction between the anx 2-S100A10 complex and other annexin-S100 complexes is that S100A10 binding to anx 2 occurs independently of calcium. Here we describe a(More)