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BACKGROUND Aeromonas spp. have been regarded as "emerging pathogens". Aeromonads possess multifactorial virulence and the production of many of these virulence determinants is associated with high cell density, a phenomenon that might be regulated by quorum sensing. However, only two species of the genus are reported to possess the luxRI quorum sensing gene(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are involved in adaptive and survival responses to hypoxic stress in mammals. In fish, very little is known about the functions of HIFs. RESULTS We have cloned and characterized two distinct HIF-alpha cDNAs--gcHIF-1alpha and gcHIF-4alpha--from the hypoxia-tolerant grass carp. The deduced gcHIF-1alpha protein is(More)
A rapid multiplex PCR (m-PCR) method that allows the simultaneous detection, in a single tube, of six commonly encountered waterborne pathogens is developed. The target genes used were: the aerolysin (aero) gene of Aeromonas hydrophila, the invasion plasmid antigen H (ipaH) gene of Shigella flexneri, the attachment invasion locus (ail) gene of Yersinia(More)
A protocol for fixation and processing of whole adult marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma) was developed in parallel with in situ hybridization (ISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) for molecular analysis of in vivo gene and protein responses in fish. Over 200 serial sagittal sections (5microm) can be produced from a single adult medaka to facilitate(More)
BACKGROUND Current understanding on the relationships between hypoxia, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene expression are largely based on in vitro studies in human cancer cells. Although several reports demonstrated HIF-1- mediated upregulation of the human TERT gene under hypoxia, conflicting findings have(More)
We have isolated a 1586-bp full-length CITED3 cDNA from grass carp which specifies for a cAMP-responsive element-binding protein/p300-interacting transactivator with glutamic acid (E)/aspartic acid (D)-rich C-terminal domain protein. The cDNA, designated as gcCITED3, has an open reading frame of 762 bp and encodes a protein of 253 amino acids with a(More)
A whole-animal tissue section in situ hybridization (ISH) system with radio-labeled probes was developed to detect differential gene expression among tissues of the small, oviparous teleost fish, Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes). Because of its tissue- and gender-specific expression, gonadal aromatase (CYP19a) was selected as a model gene to demonstrate(More)
BACKGROUND CITED proteins belong to a family of non-DNA-binding transcriptional co-regulators that are characterized by a conserved ED-rich domain at the C-terminus. This family of genes is involved in the regulation of a variety of transcriptional responses through interactions with the CBP/p300 integrators and various transcription factors. In fish, very(More)
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