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The kinesin superfamily proteins (KIFs) play essential roles in receptor transportation along the microtubules. KIF17 transports the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor NR2B subunit in vitro, but its role in vivo is unknown. To clarify this role, we generated transgenic mice overexpressing KIF17 tagged with GFP. The KIF17 transgenic mice exhibited enhanced(More)
Chromosomal missegregation is a common feature of many human tumors. Recent studies have indicated a link between nucleoporin RanBP2/Nup358 and chromosomal segregation during mitosis; however, the molecular details have yet to be fully established. Observed through live cell imaging and flow cytometry, here we show that RNA interference-mediated knockdown(More)
MyD88, a Toll/interleukin-1 receptor homology (TIR) domain-containing adaptor protein, mediates signals from the Toll-like receptors (TLR) or IL-1/IL-18 receptors to downstream kinases. In MyD88-dependent TLR4 signaling, the function of MyD88 is enhanced by another TIR domain-containing adaptor, Mal/TIRAP, which brings MyD88 to the plasma membrane and(More)
Accurate mitotic chromosome segregation depends on the formation of a microtubule-based bipolar spindle apparatus. We report that the cohesin subunit structural maintenance of chromosomes subunit 1 (SMC1) is recruited to microtubule-bound RNA export factor 1 (Rae1) at the mitotic spindle pole. We locate the Rae1-binding site to a 21-residue-long region,(More)
The nuclear pore complex (NPC) consists of a conserved set of ~30 different proteins, termed nucleoporins, and serves as a gateway for the exchange of materials between the cytoplasm and nucleus. Tpr (translocated promoter region) is a component of NPC that presumably localizes at intranuclear filaments. Here, we show that Tpr knockdown caused a severe(More)
Nuclear pore complexes are massive multiprotein channels responsible for traffic between the nucleus and cytoplasm, and are composed of approximately 30 proteins, termed nucleoporins (Nup). Our recent studies indicated that the nucleoporins Rae1 and Tpr play critical roles in maintaining the spindle bipolarity during cell division. In the present study, we(More)
Centrosomes are comprised of 2 orthogonally arranged centrioles surrounded by the pericentriolar material (PCM), which serves as the main microtubule organizing center of the animal cell. More importantly, centrosomes also control spindle polarity and orientation during mitosis. Recently, we and other investigators discovered that several nucleoporins play(More)
Dear Editor, The nuclear mitotic apparatus protein (NuMA) is mainly distributed inside the nucleus during interphase. During mitosis, NuMA functions in focusing microtubules toward the mitotic spindle poles and bundling spindle microtubules to centrosomes. NuMA is a 237-kDa protein with the discontin-uous coiled-coil spacer between N-and C-terminal globular(More)
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