Richard Willingale

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We present a detailed X-ray spectral analysis of Cas A using a deep exposure from the EPIC-MOS cameras on-board XMM-Newton. Spectral fitting was performed on a 15×15 grid of 20 × 20 pixels using a two component non-equilibrium ionisation model (NEI) giving maps of ionisation age, temperature, interstellar column density, abundances for Ne, Mg, Si, S, Ca, Fe(More)
We present observations of the early X-ray emission for a sample of 40 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) obtained using the Swift satellite, for which the narrow-field instruments were pointed at the burst within 10 minutes of the trigger. Using data from the Burst Alert Telescope and the X-Ray Telescope, we show that the X-ray light curve can be well described by an(More)
We present the first results on the hard X-ray continuum image (up to 15 keV) of the supernova remnant Cas A measured with the EPIC cameras onboard XMM-Newton. The data indicate that the hard X-ray tail, observed previously, that extends to energies above 100 keV does not originate in localised regions, like the bright X-ray knots and filaments or the(More)
Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are thought to result from the explosions of certain massive stars, and some are bright enough that they should be observable out to redshifts of z > 20 using current technology. Hitherto, the highest redshift measured for any object was z = 6.96, for a Lyman-alpha emitting galaxy. Here we report that GRB 090423 lies at(More)
We systematically analyze the prompt emission and the early afterglow data of a sample of 31 GRBs detected by Swift before 2005 September and estimate the GRB radiative efficiency. BAT’s narrow band inhibits a precise determination of the GRB spectral parameters, and we have developed a method to estimate these parameters with the hardness ratio(More)
Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are thought to be produced by the core-collapse of a rapidly rotating massive star. This event generates a highly relativistic jet and prompt gamma-ray and X-ray emission arises from internal shocks in the jet or magnetized outflows. If the stellar core does not immediately collapse to a black hole, it may form an(More)
We present a detailed analysis of Swift multiwavelength observations of GRB 070110 and its remarkable afterglow. The early X-ray light curve, interpreted as the tail of the prompt emission, displays a spectral evolution already seen in other gamma-ray bursts. The optical afterglow shows a shallow decay up to 2 days after the burst, which is not consistent(More)
The ROSAT wide field camera (WFC) is an XUV telescope operating in the 12-250-eV energy band. The mirror system utilizes Wolter-Schwarzschild type I (WS I) grazing incidence optics with a focal length of 525 mm, comprised of three nested aluminum shells with an outermost diameter of 576 mm providing a geometric aperture area of 456 cm(2). The reflecting(More)
We have developed a technique for analysing blood plasma using MALDI-MS with subsequent data analysis to identify significant and specific differences between heart failure (HF) patients and healthy individuals. A training dataset comprising 100 HF patients and 100 healthy individuals was used to search for biomarkers (m/z range 1000-10,000). EWP cartridges(More)
Membrane domains rich in caveolin-3 overlie sarcomeric actin in skeletal muscle. The membrane exhibits a regular array of caveolin-3 immunofluorescence using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Fourier analysis of tissue imaged by CLSM accurately defines a repeating intensity with a long-axis spacing of 1.48 microm confirmed by measurement of direct(More)