Richard William Smith

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0364 “Journals have devolved into information laundering operations for the pharmaceutical industry”, wrote Richard Horton, editor of the Lancet, in March 2004 [1]. In the same year, Marcia Angell, former editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, lambasted the industry for becoming “primarily a marketing machine” and co-opting “every institution that(More)
Dual-photon absorptiometry (DPA) allows separation of body mass into bone mineral, fat, and fat-free soft tissue. This report evaluates the potential of DPA to isolate appendages of human subjects and to quantify extremity skeletal muscle mass (limb fat-free soft tissue). The method was evaluated in 34 healthy adults who underwent DPA study, anthropometry(More)
Machteld Huber senior researcher, J André Knottnerus president, Scientific Council for Government Policy , Lawrence Green editor in chief, Oxford Bibliographies Online—public health , Henriëtte van der Horst head , Alejandro R Jadad professor , Daan Kromhout vice president, Health Council of the Netherlands , Brian Leonard professor , Kate Lorig professor ,(More)
The empathizing–systemizing (E–S) theory has been tested using the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the Systemizing Quotient (SQ). The present study tested n = 1761 students with these instruments, to determine if short versions of these scales could be constructed. This would be desirable both for faster assessment and to establish which are the key items on each(More)
Honeybees, Apis mellifera, gradually increase their rate of forage uptake as they gain foraging experience. This increase in foraging performance has been proposed to occur as a result of learning; however, factors affecting flight ability such as changes in physiological components of flight metabolism could also contribute to this pattern. Thus, the(More)
Peer review is at the heart of the processes of not just medical journals but of all of science. It is the method by which grants are allocated, papers published, academics promoted, and Nobel prizes won. Yet it is hard to define. It has until recently been unstudied. And its defects are easier to identify than its attributes. Yet it shows no sign of going(More)
Mechanisms of anoxia tolerance were investigated in crucian carp. Rates of protein synthesis were calculated in selected tissues of normoxic and anoxic animals. Exposure to 48 h of anoxia resulted in a significant reduction in protein synthesis in the liver (> 95%), heart (53%), and red and white muscle (52 and 56%, respectively), whereas brain protein(More)