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Quality of life is the subject of much research. However it lacks an agreed theoretical basis. In studies with older populations(ill) health has been used as a proxy measure for quality of life (QoL). We have developed a needs satisfaction measure of QoL in early old age. Our measure has four ontologically grounded domains: conal, autonomy, pleasure, and(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether longstanding illnesses, social context, and current socioeconomic circumstances predict quality of life. DESIGN Secondary analysis of wave 1 of the English longitudinal study of aging. Missing data were imputed and multiple regression analyses conducted. SETTING England, 2002 PARTICIPANTS Nationally representative(More)
verse family living situations and child development : a multilevel analysis comparing longitudinal evidence from Britain and the United States », Education, family and population dynamics, sous la direction de M.Diverse Family Living Situations and Child Development: a multi-level analysis comparing longitudinal evidence from Britain and the United(More)
A growing literature demonstrates life course influences on health in early old age. The present paper is the first to examine whether similar processes also influence quality of life in early old age. The question is theorised in terms of structured dependency and third age, and the life course pathways by which people arrive at these destinations in later(More)
This study investigated the long-term effects of social disadvantage on academic achievement and on subsequent attainments in adulthood. The study drew on data collected for over 30,000 individuals born 12 years apart, following their development from birth to adulthood. The pathways that link social disadvantage to individual development across the life(More)
OBJECTIVE We explored the factors that predicted psychological distress in the first six months post stroke in a sample including people with aphasia. DESIGN Prospective longitudinal observational study. SETTING AND SUBJECTS Participants with a first stroke from two acute stroke units were assessed while still in hospital (baseline) and at three and six(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Previous studies into the effect of area of residence on individuals' health have not accounted for changing residency over time, although few people remain resident in the same area throughout their life. Furthermore, few studies of area effects on health have accounted for the clustering of health at the household level. These(More)
I INTRODUCTION T HE aim of this paper is to describe the design and evaluation of the sample for an occupational mobility study in Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic undertaken by Jackson et al. (1973—74) 1. The objective of the study was to demonstrate the characteristics of occupational mobility in both parts of Ireland and also to develop an(More)
Many studies document small area inequalities in morbidity and mortality and show associations between area deprivation and health. However, few studies unpack the "black box" of area deprivation to show which specific local social and physical environmental characteristics impact upon health, and might be amenable to modification. We theorised a model of(More)
The 30-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) has been validated against the criterion of a standardized psychiatric interview in the community. Used for screening, the GHQ misclassified 25 per cent of 105 respondents, being worse for men. Specificity and sensitivity were above .70. The alternative use of the GHQ as an estimator and as an indicator of(More)